Publications

E.CA Economists publish regularly in academic journals, competition and regulation journals and the more popular business press. We speak frequently at conferences, workshops and symposiums.

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Papers & reports

Generic entry in prescription medicines in the EU: Main characteristics, determinants and effects

Elżbieta GłowickaVincent VeroudenS. Lorincz, E. Pesaresi , Final Report on the pahramaceutical sector inquiry, European Commission staff working document, July 2009

Presentations

Market definition in multi-sided markets

Vincent VeroudenERA Training for National Judges, Budapest, Hungary, June 2018

Vincent Verouden presented at the Antitrust Enforcement in Digital Markets: Training for National Judges. Enforcement in the framework of Article 101 TFEU, in Budapest on 4-5 June 2018.

 

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Papers & reports

Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

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Keywords: bidding data, economic analysis, market definition, merger contro, natural experiments, SIEC - Test, UPP
Papers & reports

Environmental State aid – study for the German ministry on ex-post evaluation

Linda GratzMichael RauberHans W. FriederiszickUmweltbundesamt, ISSN 1862-4804, Dessau-Roβlau, May 2018

The EU Commission recently introduced new obligations for the ex-post evaluation of State aid schemes for member states. To prepare for upcoming submissions to the Commission the German Federal Ministry for the Environment and the associated Environmental Agency engaged E.CA Economics (Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick, Dr. Linda Gratz, Dr. Michael Rauber, Dr. Daniel Streitz) and the law firm Redeker Sellner Dahs (Dr. Simone Lünenbürger, Dr. Gero Ziegenhom, Dr. Andreas Rosenfeld, Dr. Ulrich Karpenstein) for an interdisciplinary research project on ex-post evaluations of environmental aid. To assess the probability with which the Commission would request an ex-post evaluation of an environmental State aid scheme, the team designed a novel warning system. Moreover, a roadmap helping to steer the organisation, scope and timing of an ex-post evaluation by the ministry was developed. The most important methodical issues when carrying out an ex-post evaluation were explained using examples of environmental aid schemes. The legal analysis included the data-protection framework and the requirements regarding the expert`s independency for upcoming ex-post evaluations.

 


Keywords: state aid
Papers & reports

Reverse privatization as a reaction to the competitive environment: Evidence from solid waste collection in Germany

Hans W. FriederiszickSteffen ReinholdESMT Working Paper 18-02, SSRN, RePEc, EconStor, April 2018

Juri Demuth, Hans W. Friederiszick and Steffen Reinhold have published a working paper exploring the motives for reverse privatisation of the provision of solid waste collection services by German municipalities. Using a unique panel data set the authors show that municipalities do not only react to cost advantages of private companies but also to the competitive environment.

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Keywords: Competition law enforcement, Local privatisation, Logit regression, Mergers, State-owned enterprises
Papers & reports

Margin squeeze: Recent developments in EU and national case law

Theon van DijkLinda Gratze-Competitions Bulletin Margin squeeze, Art. N° 86350, April 2018

Papers & reports

Price Comparison Websites and Selective Distribution Systems: An Effects-Based Approach

Theon van DijkHans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaComplaw-blog, December 2017

Hans W. Friederiszick, Theon van Dijk, and Elżbieta Głowicka published an article on the CompLaw blog, arguing for an effects-based approach when analyzing restrictions in the use and/or active support of price comparison websites by authorised dealers within a selective distribution system.

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Keywords: effect-based approach, price comparison websites, selective distribution, Vertical restraints
Papers & reports

Chancen der Digitalisierung auf Märkten für urbane Mobilität: Das Beispiel Uber

Rafael AignerJ. Haucap, F. Pavel, M. Arnold, M. Hottenrott & C. Kehder , In List Forum für Wirtschafts-und Finanzpolitik (Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 139-183). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, June 2017

Keywords: competition, public transportation, regulation
Presentations

The Antitrust Enforcement Symposium 2017

Hans W. FriederiszickOxford, June 2017

With more than forty senior law and economic experts, the Antitrust Enforcement Symposium in Oxford has become one of the leading platforms for most recent competition policy issues around the globe. The symposium is organized by Ariel Ezrachi and Bill E. Kovacic, and supported by E.CA Economics. This year it featured keynote speeches by Maureen Ohlhausen, FTC, Paul Johnson, Canadian Competition Bureau and Bob Marshall, Bates White. Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, contributed to the panel discussion on digital markets.

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Keywords: antitrust
Presentations

DG COMP Workshop on pass-on

Hans W. FriederiszickBrussels, June 2017

DG COMP organized a workshop in Brussels on 21st June 2017 with economic experts on the quantification of passing-on of overcharges in damages actions. Academic presentation were given by Roman Inderst, Özlem Bedre-Defolie, Markus Reisinger, André Romahn, Frank Verboven, Frode Steen and other.

Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, discussed the practical feasibility specifically highlighting the discrepancy between economic and legal causality according to the recent Sainsbury’s vs. MasterCard decision (CAT, 2016).

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Keywords: cartel litigation, damage estimation