E.CA Economists publish regularly in academic journals, competition and regulation journals and the more popular business press. We speak frequently at conferences, workshops and symposiums.

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Papers & reports

Price Comparison Websites and Selective Distribution Systems: An Effects-Based Approach

Theon van DijkHans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaComplaw-blog, December 2017

Hans W. Friederiszick, Theon van Dijk, and Elżbieta Głowicka published an article on the CompLaw blog, arguing for an effects-based approach when analyzing restrictions in the use and/or active support of price comparison websites by authorised dealers within a selective distribution system.

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Keywords: effect-based approach, price comparison websites, selective distribution, Vertical restraints
Papers & reports

Chancen der Digitalisierung auf Märkten für urbane Mobilität: Das Beispiel Uber

Rafael AignerJ. Haucap, F. Pavel, M. Arnold, M. Hottenrott & C. Kehder, In List Forum für Wirtschafts-und Finanzpolitik (Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 139-183). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, June 2017

Keywords: competition, public transportation, regulation

The Antitrust Enforcement Symposium 2017

Hans W. FriederiszickOxford, June 2017

With more than forty senior law and economic experts, the Antitrust Enforcement Symposium in Oxford has become one of the leading platforms for most recent competition policy issues around the globe. The symposium is organized by Ariel Ezrachi and Bill E. Kovacic, and supported by E.CA Economics. This year it featured keynote speeches by Maureen Ohlhausen, FTC, Paul Johnson, Canadian Competition Bureau and Bob Marshall, Bates White. Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, contributed to the panel discussion on digital markets.

Go to Symposium programme

Keywords: antitrust

DG COMP Workshop on pass-on

Hans W. FriederiszickBrussels, June 2017

DG COMP organized a workshop in Brussels on 21st June 2017 with economic experts on the quantification of passing-on of overcharges in damages actions. Academic presentation were given by Roman Inderst, Özlem Bedre-Defolie, Markus Reisinger, André Romahn, Frank Verboven, Frode Steen and other.

Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, discussed the practical feasibility specifically highlighting the discrepancy between economic and legal causality according to the recent Sainsbury’s vs. MasterCard decision (CAT, 2016).

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Keywords: cartel litigation, damage estimation

CMS-Roadshow Kartellrecht 2017

Simone KohnzStuttgart, June 2017

Simone Kohnz gave a presentation at CMS-Roadshow Kartellrecht 2017 in Stuttgart on the methods of cartel damage estimation. She discussed different approaches to estimate cartel overcharges and the impact of market conditions and data availability on the choice of the appropriate method. She also presented factors that influence the likelihood and extend of pass on of overcharges to consumers.

Keywords: cartel litigation

Geographic Market Definition – Analysis & Visualization

Hans W. FriederiszickBrussels, May 2017

Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick gave a presentation at the E.CA Compettion Law & Economics Expert Forum held in Brussels on 31 May 2017.

The E.CA Expert Forum, held annually, offers insights into recent developments in competition law and economics with a special focus on market definition for merger and antitrust purposes. The EU Notice on Market Definition was published in 1997 and has been widely used ever since. This year marks its 20th anniversary and we will take this opportunity to review some of the “classic” methods and issues related to market definition and look ahead at new questions arising in the era of fast-moving digital markets and two-sided platforms;

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Keywords: market definition

Presentation on the methodology of ex post evaluations of state aid at the expert discussion: „EU-Beihilfenpolitik – Analyse der Auswirkung des neuen Beihilferechts unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Instruments der ex post Evaluierung

Linda Gratz, May 2017

Papers & reports

The Fehmarn Belt Duopoly – Can the Ferry Compete with a Tunnel?

Rafael AignerKatharina Weber, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 100, 1-15, May 2017

The Fehmarn Belt is a strait between Denmark and Germany, currently served by a ferry operator. We analyse competition between the ferry service and a planned tunnel, the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link. We develop a differentiated duopoly model to address two questions: 1. Will the tunnel induce the ferry to exit the market once it operates? 2. Will the tunnel’s toll revenue suffice to cover its cost? Using real-world data and traffic forecasts, we show that it should not be taken for granted that the ferry will exit the market, and that if the ferry competes, the tunnel project will make a loss.

Keywords: competition, regulated industries and market design, state aid

Applying the Market Economy Operator Test

Vincent VeroudenEStAL Seminar, Lake Starnberg, Germany, April 2017

Vincent Verouden spoke at the EStAL Seminar 2017 that was held in Starnberg (Germany) on 20-22 April 2017.  This seminar discussed different facets of the concept of economic activity, taking into consideration the latest ruling of the courts and Commission decisions and the application of the Market Economy Operator Principle (MEOP).

Link to the Program

Papers & reports

EU State Aid Control: Law and Economics

Vincent VeroudenPhilipp Werner, The Hague/London/New York: Kluwer Law International, January 2017

A new book came out on the topic of EU State Aid Control.

The book, edited by Vincent Verouden, E.CA Economics and Philipp Werner, Jones Day summarises the main State aid rules and cases and discusses their economic background and rationale.

It is written by a selection of distinguished experts, including lawyers, economists, academics and officials.

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Keywords: State aid control