E.CA Economists publish regularly in academic journals, competition and regulation journals and the more popular business press. We speak frequently at conferences, workshops and symposiums.

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Papers & reports

Ex Post State Aid Evaluation in Environmental Aid

Hans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaLinda GratzSimone Lünenbürger, Andreas Rosenfeld, European State Aid Law Quarterly 4/2018 (Vol. 17), 509 - 524, October 2018

Market Power and Spatial Arbitrage between Interconnected Gas Hubs

Albert Banal-EstanolOlivier Massol (IFP-Energies Nouvelles), Energy Journal, Vol. 39 (2), 2018, pp. 67-95, 2018

Gigabit Access: Germany Lags behind in International Comparison but Demand Is Low

Anselm MattesYann Girard,  Claus Michelsen, DIW Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 8(25/26), pages 219-229, 2018

Papers & reports

Enrollment and Degree Completion in Higher Education without Admission Standards

Frank VerbovenKoen Declercq, Economics of Education Review, 66, 223-244, October 2018


Competition Assessment in Digital Markets – Digital Platforms

Gregor LangusSlovenian Competition Day, Ljubljana, September 2018

Papers & reports

Standards of proofs in sequential merger control procedures

Gregor LangusVilen Lipatov, Damien Neven, Concurrences, September 2018

Papers & reports

Consumer Valuation of Fuel Costs and Tax Policy: Evidence from the European Car Market

Frank VerbovenLaura Grigolon, Mathias Reynaert, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 10(3), 193-225, August 2018

Papers & reports

The Greek Private Sector Remains Full of Untapped Potential

Anselm MattesAlexander S. Kritikos, Lars Handrich, DIW Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 8(29), pages 263-272, 2018, July 2018


Market definition in multi-sided markets

ERA Training for National Judges, Budapest, Hungary, June 2018

Vincent Verouden presented at the Antitrust Enforcement in Digital Markets: Training for National Judges. Enforcement in the framework of Article 101 TFEU, in Budapest on 4-5 June 2018.


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Papers & reports

Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

Hans W. FriederiszickRainer NitscheE.CA Economics, June 2018

More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

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Keywords: bidding data, economic analysis, market definition, merger contro, natural experiments, SIEC - Test, UPP