News & Events

Our economists shape the debate on competition law and economics by contributing to some of the most high-profile competition cases in Europe, by conducting research and publishing in scientific and non-academic journals, and by speaking and discussing at major conferences and workshops on all topics of competition economics. Every year, we invite distinguished scholars, regulators and practitioners to exchange ideas at the E.CA Expert Forum.

22 November 2022 | Events News
TSE Career Fair 2022

Are you a master student at the Toulouse School of Economics? Are you passionate about competition economics? Then get ready, mark November 25th in your calendar and join the E.CA Economics experts at the TSE career fair.

During the TSE career fair, you will:
9.30 Meet our E.CA team on site and have a chat
14.45 Learn about E.CA‘s vision for research-based consulting and why we focus on fostering team spirit and empathetic project management

One day ahead, November 24th, E.CA’s senior economist Vedika Hegde and economist Raphaël Poncet will also lead a workshop on ex-post evaluation of a number of vertical mergers in the UK to the Economics and Competition Law students at the TSE.

16 November 2022 | Events News
2022 Annual ACE Conference

E.CA’s experts will contribute to the annual high-profile case panels at the Association of Competition Economics (ACE) conference on 17-18 November in Lisbon. The organisers have put together great program and sessions ahead, where you can find our director Alexis Walckiers as a moderator on “Dutch investigation into retail and wholesale markets for fixed telecommunication services.” And our associate principal  as a discussant along with Marcel Balz and Heiko Karle on how to define local markets for grocery retail stores based on the controversial sale of the REAL stores in Germany to Kaufland and Edeka.

Check the programme here:
Find out more about the conference:

17 October 2022 | News
BSE Career Day 2022

If you are studying Economics and you are looking for a career where you could apply your theoretical and empirical skills to the real world problems, come and join us at the Barcelona School of Economics Career Day 2022 on October 21st.

9.20 Learn about E.CA‘s vision for research based consulting and why we focus on fostering team spirit
10.45 Broaden your network with experts in the field with our senior economists Ignacio Balaguer López and Niklas Gebhard.
15.15 Join our case study on Heineken and a pub chain in the UK

Place: Ciutadella Campus in Barcelona

12 October 2022 | Events News
Office Opening in London
Office Opening and Expert Debate “Polarisation of Antitrust” on 11 October 2022

E.CA Economics is expanding its European footprint and has opened new premises in Clerkenwell, London. To mark the occasion, we hosted an interactive expert debate. The event brought together prominent academics, policymakers, lawyers and economists from around the globe to discuss differing perspectives on competition enforcement.

During the first panel discussion, Amelia Fletcher and Lars-Hendrik Röller explored with Bas Dessens the relationship between competition policy and sustainability, discussing the role of firms, investors and the government in a push for competitive markets overall that have the potential to provide sustainable choices for consumers in the long-run. This view was also carefully complemented with cautious take on the extent to which certain types of green investments work, along with discussions on the optimal level of tax revenues used in funding such initiatives.

Further, on the second panel discussion that was moderated by Alena Kozakova, our speakers Joseph Farrell and Mike Walker focused on the debate between over-enforcement and under-enforcement in antitrust policy. While on the one hand, the role of decision theory and the increased need for simpler economic analysis is observed, on the other hand, some ideas that could explain under-enforcement were discussed.  In particular, the role of mistreatment of uncertainty, failure to appreciate that competition drives innovation and finally, a careful review of the firm’s incentives could explain why there is under-enforcement in the economy.

Watch the panels on “Polarisation of Antitrust” on YouTube:

1 July 2022 | News
CRESSE – Competition and Regulation European Summer School and Conference

Our directors Hans W. Friederiszick and Lars-Hendrik Röller are looking forward to participating in the 16th International Conference on Competition and Regulation, organised by CRESSE – Competition and Regulation European Summer School and Conference.

CRESSE is a network of academics and professionals, practicing in competition or regulatory authorities, consultancies and legal practices, with an interest in competition policy and sectoral regulation. It was initiated by Prof. Yannis Katsoulacos in 2005.


22 June 2022 | Antitrust News
2022 Hal White Antitrust Conference

Our directors Hans W. Friederiszick and Alena Kozakova are looking forward to the 2022 Hal White Antitrust Conference on June 23, 2022 in Washington, DC – a conference connecting the antitrust community with knowledge, ideas and lively discussions. Bates White Economic Consulting and E.CA Economics maintain an exclusive cooperative partnership to provide international antitrust services in the United States and Europe.

14 April 2022 | News
CMA publishes E.CA’s ex post evaluation of vertical mergers

On 14 April 2022, the British Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) published E.CA Economics’ ex post evaluation of its approach to vertical mergers. The CMA retained us to look at four recent mergers with a vertical component and evaluate whether CMA’s assessment was reasonable and correct. We also reviewed the current thinking on vertical mergers to help the CMA learn from the latest developments.

We found that the CMA carried out, on the whole, high quality analysis with only a small number of analytical choices we would not have made. The CMA appeared more lenient to vertical mergers than horizontal mergers, perhaps more than would be justified, although we did not conclude the CMA should have blocked any of the mergers we studied in detail. We also found that the CMA would need to continue to evolve its toolkit to capture accurately the complexities that vertical mergers bring, including making potentially uncomfortable decisions in the platform markets space.

Read the study

Press release

2 March 2022 | News
Support study for revision of Railway Guidelines

E.CA Economics will assist the European Commission in the revision of the Railway Guidelines. Together with LEAR, University of East Anglia and Sheppard Mullin, E.CA will provide an impact assessment support study for the review of the Community guidelines on State aid for railway undertakings. It will provide factual, analytical and data inputs that contribute to ensuring that the Guidelines set the rules applicable to the rail sector and to the entire value chain involved in the modal shift from road to rail and other less polluting transport modes. Over 140 stakeholders (among others granting authorities, regulatory bodies, industry associations, and railway and logistics companies) from 13 different countries will be contacted via surveys and targeted interviews to collect relevant data and meaningful insights. Industry experts from Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds will be supporting the consortium.


As part of the revision process of the current Community Guidelines on State aid for railway undertakings (Railway Guidelines) from 2008, the Directorate General for Competition of the European Commission (DG COMP) has commissioned this external support study. The fitness check of the Railway Guidelines conducted in 2019 and 2020 confirmed that the Guidelines are not fit-for-purpose and require a full-fledged review to align them with the market and regulatory developments, in particular to make them fit for the full liberalisation of the rail sector following in particular the adoption of the Fourth Railway Package in 2016. This review is also required to support the EU policy priorities in the context of the Green Deal and the increased importance of a modal shift from road to less polluting transport modes such as rail and inland waterways in order to meet the Union’s emissions reduction target by 2050.

16 February 2022 | News
Lars-Hendrik Röller rejoins E.CA Economics

As of February 2022, Prof. Lars-Hendrik Röller, PhD, will rejoin as a director the European economics consultancy E.CA Economics. Lars-Hendrik Röller served as the first chief economist with DG Competition at the European Commission, and recently as the chief economic advisor to the German Federal Chancellor, Angela Merkel. He is a proven expert in industrial economics and has unique expertise in providing economic advice in competition cases. His key topics of interest will include digital, energy, health and transportation markets, and he will be responsible for driving the international business at E.CA Economics.

Press Release EN

Press Release DE

11 February 2022 | News
Alexis Walckiers Appointed Assessor of the Belgian Competition Authority

Our director Alexis Walckiers has been appointed assessor of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA). “I am delighted to have the opportunity to sit as an assessor for the Belgian Competition Authority. This is an important role, and I look forward to contributing to a balanced decision process. On a personal note, I am also very enthusiastic to get to see the many friends I made at the BCA from time to time.”

The BCA comprises an Investigation Service (the Investigation and Prosecution Service) and a decision-making body (Competition College). The decision-making body is the Competition College for all infringement cases that are not settled or closed by the Investigation and Prosecution Service, as well as all non-simplified merger control procedures. The BCA President presides over the Competition College. For each case, the Competition College consists of the president and two assessors.

24 January 2022 | News
2022 Antitrust Writing Awards Nominee

Congratulations to Juri DemuthHans W. Friederiszick and Steffen Reinhold who’s article has been shortlisted for the 2022 Concurrences Antitrust Writing Awards.

Read and vote for the article

12 January 2022 | News
Promotions 2022

New year, next step: it’s time to celebrate the promotion of our excellent colleagues.

Promotion to Associate Principal: Rafael Aigner

Promotion to Manager: Alexander PaulArvid Viaene

Promotion to Senior Economist: Ignacio Balaguer LópezAlix De LoustalSimon Franke, Niklas GebhardMichael Kaiser and Jan Christopher Rönn

Promotion to Economist: Luca Rancati


7 January 2022 | News
E.CA listed as top economic firm 2022 by WWL and GCR

E.CA Economics has once again been recommended both by Who’s Who Legal (WWL) and Global Competition Review (GCR). Both offer a comprehensive listing and analysis of the world’s top antitrust and competition practices.

In the guide “Germany 2022 – Competition Economists”, WWL states that “E.CA Economics stands out with three listings here.” Hans W. Friederiszick, Simone Kohnz and Rainer Nitsche were named to that list as highly recommended competition economists. Who’s Who Legal annually identifies the foremost legal practitioners in multiple areas of business law by evaluating more than 250,000 third-party recommendations and conducting 5,000 interviews with leading practitioners.

GCR listed E.CA for the 14th time in a row as of the world’s leading antitrust economics consultancies: “A compact consultancy that solely focuses on competition matters, E.CA Economics punches above its weight with teams in Berlin, Munich, Brussels and London.” The “Economics 23” ranking is based on measures including the number of dedicated antitrust economists in the firm, work over the past year, and the number of nominations to Who’s Who Legal: Competition.

WWL’s overview is available here.

GCR’s  overview is available here.

The firm’s 2022 Economics 23 profile is available here.

23 November 2021 | News
Business Networking Day 2021 – Online/On site

We are passionate about Competition Economics: How about you? Let‘s meet and find out this Friday at the Business Networking Day 2021, organised by the Toulouse School of Economics. You will have the opportunity to discover new insights for your consulting career in competition economics – virtually with Valeria Plata Franco and on site in Toulouse with Alix de Loustal and Juri Simons.

When: 26.11.2021, 8.30 am-5.30 pm

Visit our career site for open positions

17 November 2021 | News
E.CA at 2021 Annual ACE Conference

Looking forward to new insights, lively discussions and great networking: the 2021 Annual ACE conference is coming up on the 18th and 19th of November 2021. Hans W. Friederiszick will chair a panel on “Telecoms Mergers – the Judgement by the General Court on CK Telecoms”, and Alexis Walckiers will chair a panel on “The role of Google Ads as a source of traffic for websites”. Please join us!

The ACE (Association of Competition Economics) conference will take place in Barcelona, hosted by Massimo Motta at the Barcelona School of Economics. The conference will be an in-person event. The keynote speech will be presented online by Jean Tirole.

More information

15 November 2021 | News
Join Alia Schweiger in online talk organised by W@CompetitionDE

Draft VBER and hybrid platforms: one size fits all? Join our associate principal Alia Schweiger in an online talk on “Vertical Block Exemption Regulation & Guidelines on Vertical Restraints: From dual distribution to dual pricing”, together with Bettina Leupold, Sophie Moonen and Stephanie Pautke, organised by Women AT. The webinar will take place on Wednesday, 17 November 2021, 13.30-15.00 CET and is open to all interested professionals, regardless of gender.

Register now

2 November 2021 | News
Further growth in London: E.CA Economics gains director Alena Kozakova

European economics consultancy E.CA Economics is strengthening its ranks with the UK-based microeconomist Alena Kozakova. Alena’s focus is competition and economic regulation economics established in public authorities and consulting. As a director and member of E.CA’s leadership team, she will be responsible for business activities at the London office and elsewhere.

Download Press Release here

29 October 2021 | Article News
Reverse Privatization as a Reaction to the Competitive Environment: Evidence from Solid Waste Collection in Germany

The latest research of our director Hans W. Friederiszick, our manager Juri Demuth, and Steffen Reinhold has just been published in the Review of Industrial Organization.

After earlier waves of privatization, local governments have increasingly taken back control of local service provisions in some sectors and countries and instead started providing those services themselves (reverse privatization). Using a unique panel dataset on the mode of service provision for solid waste collection for German municipalities that cover the years 2003, 2009, and 2015, the researchers investigate the motives for reverse privatization. Their results show that—in deciding whether to insource or not—municipalities react to the cost advantages of private suppliers as well as to the competitive environment and municipal activity: there is more switching to insourcing in concentrated markets and in markets with horizontally or vertically related public services. Local interest groups influence this decision as well.

Link to the article

20 October 2021 | News
E.CA Economics participating in Barcelona School of Economics’ Virtual Career Fair 2021

We are happy to announce that E.CA Economics is participating in Barcelona School of Economics’ Virtual Career Fair 2021.
On 22 October, Jan Christopher Rönn and Ignacio Balaguer López will represent E.CA Economics and inform you about career opportunities as a postgraduate in Economics.

3 September 2021 | News
E.CA speaking at CRESSE Special Policy Session

Once more the Competition & Regulation European Summer School and Conference (CRESSE) will be dealing with competition and sectoral regulation issues with emphasis on the policy relevance: tomorrow, the 15th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPETITION AND REGULATION starts. This year’s theme: Advances in the analysis of competition policy and regulation.

Our director Hans W. Friederiszick is looking forward to chairing a special policy session on “Systematically incorporating innovation in Competition Law Enforcement” with the panelists Eliana Garces (Facebook), Dr. Marc Ivaldi (Toulouse School of Economics and NERA Economic Consulting), Bruno JULLIEN (Toulouse School of Economics), Kai-Uwe Kühn (Brattle), Aviv Nevo (University of Pennsylvania) and Howard Shelanski (Georgetown University).

More information on CRESSE conference
See the full programme here

26 July 2021 | News
Bas Dessens promoted to Director in London office

E.CA Economics has announced the promotion of Bas Dessens to Director. He will be responsible for business activities at the London office. He has been with E.CA Economics since 2006, and has extensive experience in the field of competition economics. Bas Dessens, who was previously a Principal at E.CA Economics, joins the leadership team with the promotion.

Download Press Release here

22 June 2021 | News
EEAG revision support study

What level of levies on electricity prices bears the risk that energy-intensive firms relocate? A consortium headed by E.CA Economics provides the EC with an economic study for the EEAG revision

Link to Press Release in EN

Welche Abgabenhöhe auf den Strompreis führt zu einem Verlagerungsrisiko für energieintensive Unternehmen? Ein Konsortium unter Leitung von E.CA Economics liefert der Europäischen Kommission eine ökonomische Studie für die EEAG-Revision

Link to Press Release in DE

7 June 2021 | News
E.CA Economics participating in TSE Executive Education online course on Algorithms and Competition

Our associate principal Vilen Lipatov will take part in the Online Executive Education Program of the Toulouse School of Economics, on June 17 (11:15am-12:45pm). He will be a discussant to the lecture “ALGORITHMIC PRICING AND COMPETITION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE” by Daniel Ershov, Professor, TSE. Vilen and other participants will share their thoughts about the most relevant issues concerning the use of algorithms as screening devices by competition agencies.

Link to Registration

LinkedIn Post

25 May 2021 | News
Annual international conference NEW FRONTIERS OF ANTITRUST organised by Concurrences

Annual international conference NEW FRONTIERS OF ANTITRUST, organised by Concurrences
WEBINAR | Wednesday 9 June 2021 15.30 – 17.00 CEST


Our director Alexis Walckiers will discuss the revision of the vertical guidelines and VBER with Svend Albaek, Adviser to Chief Economist, DG COMP, Brussels, Luc Peeperkorn, Professor, Brussels School of Competition and College of Europe, Former Principal Advisor Antitrust Policy at European Commission, DG COMP, Brussels and Thibaud Vergé, Professor of Economics, ENSAE, Paris. The moderator will be Laurence Idot, Emeritus Professor, University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, President, Concurrences Review Scientific Committee.

Link to registration

While the European Commission is exploring a possible revision of the VBER and of the Vertical Guidelines and assessing the various policy options proposed, the panel will reflect on some of the relevant issues and subjects in the VBER, some more controversial than others, but all having been over the years at the center of the debates on the legal framework applying to vertical restraints.

Link to interview: Svend Albaek in conversation with Alexis Walckiers

10 May 2021 | News
Nomination for 2021 Antitrust Writing Awards

E.CA is thrilled to announce that three articles written by E.CA colleagues have been selected for the 2021 Antitrust Writing Awards by Concurrences and The George Washington University for the best Academic article category. This year, the Editorial Committee received a record-breaking of 1,200+ submissions. The full articles of the nominees can be read online.

The nominees are:

  • in the subcategory “10. Digital”: Özlem Bedre-Defolie and Rainer Nitsche, “When do markets tip? An overview and some insights for policy”, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, December 2020, Volume 11, Issue 10.
  • in the subcategory “11. Economics”: Hans W. Friederiszick, Linda Gratz and Michael Rauber, “The impact of EU cartel policy reforms on the timing of settlements in private follow-on damages disputes—an empirical assessment of cases from 2001 to 2015”, Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, November 9, 2020.
  • in the subcategory “11. Economics”:
    Vilen Lipatov, Damien Neven and Georges Siotis, “Pre-empting the entry of near perfect substitutes”, Journal of Competition Law & Economics, March 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1.
13 April 2021 | News
E.CA participating in Digital Markets Competition Forum

Gregor Langus takes part in the virtual roundtable discussion on “Platform envelopment through data – When does it lead to market foreclosure?”, organised by the Digital Markets Competition Forum of the Copenhagen Business School.

Does platform envelopment create data advantages and high entry barriers for competitors? Should data aggregation be restricted? The workshop revisits the concept of platform envelopment, the value creation nature of data aggregation and repurposing in the context of digital platform ecosystems as well as the potential role of data for platform monopolistic entrenchment and the policy implications.

The virtual roundtable discussion takes place on 15th April 2021.

8 April 2021 | News Womenineconomics
E.CA participating in the W@Competition Mentoring Programme

Our directors Linda Gratz and Alexis Walckiers participate as mentors in the W@Competition Mentoring Programme.

Women@Competition is a platform for women competition professionals – striving to enable women professionals to be easily found, normalise women professionals’ presence in public space and to facilitate connections among women professionals.

In the mentoring program, female mentees are matched with mentors who work in a complementary discipline of the profession (e.g. in-house lawyer with private practice economist, or European Commission official with private practice lawyer). Eligible mentees are female professionals who could benefit from external mentoring and who would like to be inspired by a fresh perspective on how to thrive their careers.

8 March 2021 | News
Let’s celebrate the International Women’s Day 2021. A day to celebrate women’s achievements and raise awareness for women’s equality.
3 March 2021 | News
Maastricht Business Days 2021

Dear SCOPE Maastricht students, stop by our virtual booth at the Maastricht Business Days and get to know us. Alix DE LOUSTALHarm van Leeuwen and Josefin Karg will show you who we are and what we do – and answer your questions.

Link to the event

Link to registration

Linda Gratz, Principal E.CA Economics
3 February 2021 | News
Lindra Gratz promoted to Director in Munich office

 has been promoted to Director in our Munich office. Her areas of expertise include damage assessments in multiple cartel proceedings and abuse of dominance investigations. She also has particular expertise in the assessment of mergers in industries such as telecommunications, construction materials, copper, FMCG, press logistics and touristic flights.

With her promotion, Linda joins the leadership team of E.CA Economics, now comprising seven directors: Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzThomas HildebrandSimone KohnzGregor LangusRainer Nitsche and Alexis Walckiers.

Download press release here

28 January 2021 | News
E.CA contributor to the GCR Insight – Enforcer Hub – Germany overview

Our directors Hans W. FriederiszickThomas Hildebrand, Simone Kohnz and Rainer Nitsche have written this year’s Global Competition Review Enforcer Hub’s economics perspective on Germany.

The article showcases the high level of competition law enforcement of the Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office, FCO) over the past year, which led to important court victories. Besides a number of interventions in traditional industries, the FCO undoubtedly focused on recent developments in digital markets, where various policy papers demonstrate its appetite to shape the debate in this field. We do not expect any change from that perspective in the coming years: with the 10th Amendment of the German Competition Act in implementation, the FCO’s initiatives will be grounded in an antitrust law tailored towards digital markets.

Read more

An extract from GCR’s Enforcer Hub. The whole publication is available here.

14 January 2021 | News
Promotions 2021

We are proud to announce the following promotions – Linda Gratz, Director; Michael Rauber, Associate Principal; Brecht Boone, Manager; Benedikt Fluegel, Jan Melcher, Florian Peiseler, Valeria Plata Franco, Senior Economist, Mariana Rocha, Team Assistant and Project Coordinator. Congratulations – Great success!

16 December 2020 | News
E.CA Economics listed in the GCR 100 2021

We are delighted to announce that E.CA Economics has been listed under Economics 21 in the GCR 100 2021 by . This is a great recognition for the work of our dedicated team. Over the past year, E.CA Economics has worked on major merger reviews by the European Commission and national enforcers in Germany, Austria, the United Kingdom and the Benelux countries. Thank you to all our clients and business partners for their trust.

Click here for more information

Get in touch with our team

4 November 2020 | News State aid
Revision of EEAG and GBER: DG Comp commissioned consortium led by E.CA Economics with background study

Dr Hans W. Friederiszick,  Dr Ela Głowicka and  Dr Anselm Mattes will be leading an international consortium for E.CA Economics, commissioned by the European Commission ( DG Competition) with a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy.

The European Commission (DG Competition) commissioned an international consortium led by E.CA Economics with a background study on State aid in the field of environmental protection and energy. The consortium consists of E.CA Economics, DIW Berlin, LEAR, University of East Anglia and Sheppard Mullin. The results of the study will support the Commission in the revision of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG) as well as the respective parts of the General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER). The study will assist the Commission in updating the Guidelines to ensure that they are fit-for-purpose, taking into account the general State aid modernisation objectives and the recent regulatory developments (notably the Clean Energy Package, Clean Mobility Package and Circular Economy Package), and that they facilitate the implementation of the European Green Deal. The revision of the Guidelines will also take into account the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Member States economies and their funding capabilities together with the deployment of the Recovery Plan for Europe.


1 September 2020 | News
Alexis Walckiers joins E.CA Economics

E.CA Economics is proud to announce that Alexis Walckiers joined its Brussels office as a Director since 1 September 2020. Alexis Walckiers comes to E.CA as the former Chief Economist of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA).  Alexis represented the BCA on international panels, like meetings of the national chief economists, and served as the President of the Association of Competition Economics from 2016 to 2018.

Alexis holds a PhD in Economics from the ECARES Université libre de Bruxelles where he teaches economics at the Solvay business school. His recent papers on vertical restraints and hub-and-spoke collusion have been published in the International Journal of Industrial Organization and the Journal of European Competition Law and Practice.

Link to Press Release

Link to BCA news

Link to GCR news article

29 June 2020 | News
E.CA Economics presenting at CRESSE 2020 Special Policy Session

Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick will be participating in one of the three Special Policy Sessions organised by the CRESSE committee. In session 2 on US Vertical Mergers: Enforcement Developments and Guidelines, a distinguished panel of economists will discuss vertical mergers in different jurisdictions, also in the context of the recently proposed Vertical Merger Guidelines. Hans W. Friederiszick will be commenting on the different contributions.

The session will take place on 1 July 2020 at 17.00-19.00. Please register free of charge here to follow the live stream.

For the remaining sessions on 26 June 2020 and 7 July 2020, please go to the conference website for more information.

25 June 2020 | News Papers & reports State aid
COVID-19: Mind the Uncertainty!

In this article, Gregor Langus and Brecht Boone explain how irreversibility of investment combined with market power can result in a delay in investments in the current climate of high uncertainty due to Covid-19. Building on these insights, the authors discuss the implications for the design of state aid and other fiscal policies.

Link to the article

10 June 2020 | News State aid
E.CA Economics contributed to the support study on State aid rules for environmental protection and energy published by DG Competition

E.CA Economics contributed to the support study on State aid rules for environmental protection and energy, written in collaboration with teams from Centre for Competition Policy and the Brussels office of Sheppard Mullin, which led the study. This report provides DG Competition with background information for the review of the EU Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy (EEAG) applicable in 2014-2020 and on the provisions applicable to aid for environmental protection and energy (Section 7) of Commission Regulation (EU) 651/2014 (GBER). Ela Głowicka co-authored the report in collaboration with Linda Gratz.

Link to the report

9 June 2020 | News State aid
E.CA Economics contributed to the retrospective evaluation of regional State aid framework published by DG Competition

E.CA Economics was the leader of the retrospective evaluation of the regional State aid framework project and collaborated with teams from Firms and Markets Department at the Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung and the Brussels office of Sheppard Mullin. The report with the results of the evaluation was published by DG Competition on 2 June 2020. The study provides evidence-based assessment of the implementation of the RAF 2014 and its effects on regional development and competition. Hans W. Friederiszick, Ela Głowicka and Linda Gratz co-authored the study in collaboration with further E.CA staff Brecht Boone, Zachary Herriges, Harm van Leeuwen and Wiktor Owczarz.

Link to the report