Our Team

Our international and multilingual team of over 25 professional consultants work for clients in all areas of competition policy enforcement and regulation. They combine extensive economic knowledge with practical experience of the regulators’ approach. Clients, courts and regulators value our intellectual rigour and the clarity of our exposition.

Hans W. Friederiszick

Director and Research Fellow, ESMT

Hans W. Friederiszick

Director and Research Fellow, ESMT

Dr Hans W. Friederiszick is a Director and founder of E.CA Economics. Dr Friederiszick has extensive experience advising clients across the competition economics field (including cartels, mergers, and abuse of a dominant position and State aid cases) and has led teams of economists engaged in international antitrust investigations. He has been retained as an economic expert in German, UK and other European courts, and has been named in Global Competition Review’s (GCR) Who’s Who as one of the field’s leading competition economists. He is a member of the steering committee of the Association of Competition Economics (ACE).

His previous work has included representing the parties in the multibillion euro Holcim/Lafarge merger as well as in EDEKA’s closely watched acquisition of rival Kaiser’s Tengelmann in Germany (which was resolved through ministerial approval). He has additionally received widespread recognition for his private litigation work in cases addressing the synthetic rubber cartel and the air cargo and credit card sectors (plaintiff side), as well as the smart-card chip and fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) sectors (defendant side).

Dr Friederiszick is also a research fellow at the European School of Management and Technology (ESMT) Berlin. He has published widely and is a regular speaker at international antitrust conferences. Recent publications have addressed the economics of regional State aid and efficiencies in Article 102 TFEU cases (both in the Journal of Competition Law & Economics), as well as selective distribution systems (Journal of Antitrust Enforcement).

For a Q&A with Dr Friederiszick, click here.

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. pol., Free University, Berlin
  • Doctorate Program, Humboldt University of Berlin and Free University, Berlin
  • Dipl.-Vw., Free University, Berlin

Publications

    2018
  • Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

    More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

    Go to publication

  • Environmental State aid – study for the German ministry on ex-post evaluation

    Linda GratzMichael RauberHans W. FriederiszickUmweltbundesamt, ISSN 1862-4804, Dessau-Roβlau, May 2018

    The EU Commission recently introduced new obligations for the ex-post evaluation of State aid schemes for member states. To prepare for upcoming submissions to the Commission the German Federal Ministry for the Environment and the associated Environmental Agency engaged E.CA Economics (Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick, Dr. Linda Gratz, Dr. Michael Rauber, Dr. Daniel Streitz) and the law firm Redeker Sellner Dahs (Dr. Simone Lünenbürger, Dr. Gero Ziegenhom, Dr. Andreas Rosenfeld, Dr. Ulrich Karpenstein) for an interdisciplinary research project on ex-post evaluations of environmental aid. To assess the probability with which the Commission would request an ex-post evaluation of an environmental State aid scheme, the team designed a novel warning system. Moreover, a roadmap helping to steer the organisation, scope and timing of an ex-post evaluation by the ministry was developed. The most important methodical issues when carrying out an ex-post evaluation were explained using examples of environmental aid schemes. The legal analysis included the data-protection framework and the requirements regarding the expert`s independency for upcoming ex-post evaluations.

    Link to Study

  • Reverse privatization as a reaction to the competitive environment: Evidence from solid waste collection in Germany

    Juri DemuthHans W. FriederiszickSteffen ReinholdESMT Working Paper 18-02, SSRN, RePEc, EconStor, April 2018

    Juri Demuth, Hans W. Friederiszick and Steffen Reinhold have published a working paper exploring the motives for reverse privatisation of the provision of solid waste collection services by German municipalities. Using a unique panel data set the authors show that municipalities do not only react to cost advantages of private companies but also to the competitive environment.

    Go to working paper

  • 2017
  • Price Comparison Websites and Selective Distribution Systems: An Effects-Based Approach

    Theon van DijkHans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaComplaw-blog, December 2017

    Hans W. Friederiszick, Theon van Dijk, and Elżbieta Głowicka published an article on the CompLaw blog, arguing for an effects-based approach when analyzing restrictions in the use and/or active support of price comparison websites by authorised dealers within a selective distribution system.

    Go to article

  • 2016
  • Remunicipalization and Competition in the Waste management Industry

    Juri DemuthHans W. FriederiszickSteffen ReinholdNeue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht, pages 246-253, June 2016
  • 2015
  • Competition policy in modern retail markets

    Hans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaJournal of Antitrust Enforcement, Oxford University Press, November 2015

    Hans W. Friederiszick and Ela Glowicka published an article on the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement. The article maps out the alignment of characteristics of products targeted by recent antitrust enforcement in Europe with the likelihood of free-rider effects taking place. Specifically in the case of products with search and experience characteristics, intensive enforcement activity despite prevalent free-riders were found.

    Go to article

     

  • Hidden Efficiencies: The Relevance of Business Justifications in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzJournal of Competition Law & Economics, August 2015

    This article assesses the relevance of efficiencies and other justifications in recent Article 102 TFEU cases. Based on a review of all EU decisions and openings between 2009 and mid-2013, we find that procompetitive justifications still play an unsatisfactory role in the EU Commission’s evaluations, except in IT-related abuse cases. This stands in contrast to the policy goals expressed during the reform phase (from 2005 to 2009), the Guidance Paper, and the increasing relevance of efficiency considerations in merger proceedings. We argue that this development is due to a malfunctioning of the balancing test—that is, the weighting of pro- and anticompetitive effects, as pro- and anticompetitive effects are often non-separable and non-monotone in Article 102 TFEU cases. Policy options are discussed, and it is argued that a fully integrated analysis is the only policy option fully addressing the problem.

     

    Go to external abstract

     

  • A Fleet Without a Captain? Taking Stock of European Antitrust Litigation Post EU Directive

    Hans W. FriederiszickMichael RauberCPI Antitrust Chronicle, January 2015
  • 2014
  • Cross-country price comparisons for competitive assessment

    Hans W. FriederiszickJakub KałuznyE.CA report, October 2014
  • 2013
  • Implications of the State Aid Modernisation for the Assessment of Large Investment Projects

    Hans W. FriederiszickEStAL - Issue: 1/2013 - pp. 46-60., January 2013

    The Regional Aid Guidelines foresee specific screens for an in-depth assessment of Large Investment Projects (LIPs): an in-depth assessment is initiated if the market share of the aid beneficiary is above 25% or the investment results in a capacity expansion above 5% in a declining market. It is currently being discussed within the broader State Aid Modernization package and also due to a recent court ruling on the case Propapier whether these market screens should stay as they are. Based on a dataset of all LIP cases notified under the 2006 Regional Aid Guidelines, we evaluate those market screens and find that the screens do have the power to identify problematic cases – cases with a below average expected aid effectiveness and aid measures targeting specific industries. We also find, however, that the market screens are affected by a severe implementation problem and, hence, do not help to shorten phase I investigations. From a conceptual perspective, they are also not capable of identifying some of the potentially most problematic regional State aid cases. Policy options are discussed.

    Go to external page to buy full paper

    Go to working paper version

  • 2008
  • Triggering inspections ex officio: moving beyond a passive EU cartel policy

    Hans W. FriederiszickFrank P. Maier-Rigaud, Journal of Competition Law and Economics 2008 4: 89-113, March 2008
  • 2007
  • Using Economic Analysis to Assess R&D&I State Aid Measures

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, European State Aid Law Quarterly, Vol. 6 (4), 592-604, October 2007
  • European State aid control. An Economic Framework

    Hans W. FriederiszickVincent VeroudenLars-Hendrik Röller, In P. Buccirossi (Ed.) Handbook of Antitrust Economics. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT press. 625-671, March 2007
  • The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 – Germany (country chapter)

    Hans W. FriederiszickRainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Global Competition Review.

    “An extract from The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 – www.GlobalCompetitionReview.com

    Go to chapter

  • Zugangsregulierung – Auswirkung auf Investitionen in das Festnetz in der Schweiz

    Bas DessensHans W. FriederiszickLars Wiethaus, Eine Studie für die Swisscom AG. 2009.
  • The Role of Economics in Cartel Detection in Europe

    Hans W. FriederiszickFrank P. Maier-Rigaud, In: D. Schmidtchen, M. Albert and S. Voigt (eds.), The More Economic Approach in European Competition Law, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen.
  • The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012 – Germany (country chapter)

    Hans W. FriederiszickRainer NitscheDennis Beling, In: C. Campbell (Ed.), The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012. Nottinghamshire: Encompass Print Solutions.

    An extract from The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012- a Global Competition Review special report – www.GlobalCompetitionReview.com.

    Go to report

  • The German Cement Cartel case and the trade-off between accuracy and practicality

    Hans W. FriederiszickConcurrences 1: 24-26.
  • Railway Alliances in EC Long-Distance Passenger Transport: A Competitive Assessment Post-Liberalization 2010

    Hans W. FriederiszickTseveen Gantumur, Lars-Hendrik Röller, Jens Weinmann, Rajshri Jayaraman, ESMT No. WP-109-01.
  • Quantification of harm to competition by national courts and competition agencies

    Hans W. FriederiszickElisabeth Fugger, Background note for the OECD Secretariat to the Competition Committee (FR & EN).
  • Quantification of Harm in Damages Actions for Antitrust Infringements: Insights from German Cartel Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, Journal of Competition Law & Economics 6 (3), 595-618.
  • Overcharge Estimations in Cartel Cases – Lessons Learned from a Recent Judgment on the German Paper Wholesaler Cartel

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, In: Global Competition Litigation Review 1/2008, 1-10.
  • On the Difficult Relationship between Competition Policy and Public Enterprises – What can be learned from Recent Developments in the Field of European State Aid Control

    Hans W. FriederiszickJakub KałuznyIn: The Pros and Cons of Competition in/by the Public Sector, edited by the Swedish Competition Authority.
  • Ökonomische Analyse in der EU Wettbewerbspolitik. Ein erstes Resümee

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, In: Baudenbacher, C. (Ed.), Neueste Entwicklungen im europäischen und internationalen Kartellrecht. Dreizehntes St. Galler Internationales Kartellrechtsforum, Helbing und Lichtenhahn.
  • Kooperation zum Bau neuer Glasfasernetze – Wettbewerbsökonomische Beurteilung für Swisscom, ewz, ewb und die Stadt St. Gallen

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars Wiethaus, ESMT Competition Analysis Final Report.
  • Energy: Choices for Europe

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, Juan Delgado, ESMT Whitepaper Series
  • Economic Analysis in EU Competition Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickIn: J. Drexl, L. Idiot and J. Monéger (Eds.), Economic Theory and Competition Law. Chapter 1, 3-19.
  • Dominant and Efficient – On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzESMT Working Paper No. WP-12-01.

    The European Commission’s policy on the relevance of efficiency considerations in abuse of dominance cases (Article 102 TFEU) has not been resolved satisfactorily. In an attempt to give guidance on this matter, we address the topic from two different angles: First, we review EC soft law provisions and recent decisions. Based on this review, we find that efficiency defences play a limited role under the current practice. They are of relevance in the growing number of IT related cases but only in these. Second, we explore – in the example of low price strategies – business practitioners’ views on the relevance of the pro and anti-competitive motives. Based on a survey of EMBA students, we find that low price strategies are indeed frequently used. The motives are diverse however, often pro-competitive and in line with antitrust compliance, i.e. low price strategies are rarely considered advisable for leading firms. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn.

    Go to white paper

  • Does Europe need subsidized competition for achieving the goal of rapid deployment of broadband networks?

    Rainer NitscheHans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, Comments on the draft Community Guidelines for the application of State aid rules in relation to rapid deployment of broadband networks. Submitted to the EC Commission.
  • Der “Refined Economic Approach” in der Beihilfenkontrolle. Innen- und Außenansichten

    Hans W. FriederiszickIn: P. Oberender (Ed.), Der "more economic approach" in der Beihilfenkontrolle. Schriften des Vereins für Socialpolitik. Band 319. 49-62.
  • Anticompetitive Behaviour of Public Enterprises – Lessons to Be Learned from European State Aid Control

    Hans W. FriederiszickConcurrences 1: foreword
  • Analysing the Relationship Between Regulations and Investment in the Telecom Sector

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, ESMT White Paper 2007.
  • An Economic Assessment of the Relationship between Price Regulation and Incentives to Innovate in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    Hans W. FriederiszickFrancis de Véricourt, ESMT No. WP-109-03.

Presentations

    2017
  • The Antitrust Enforcement Symposium 2017

    Hans W. FriederiszickOxford, June 2017

    With more than forty senior law and economic experts, the Antitrust Enforcement Symposium in Oxford has become one of the leading platforms for most recent competition policy issues around the globe. The symposium is organized by Ariel Ezrachi and Bill E. Kovacic, and supported by E.CA Economics. This year it featured keynote speeches by Maureen Ohlhausen, FTC, Paul Johnson, Canadian Competition Bureau and Bob Marshall, Bates White. Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, contributed to the panel discussion on digital markets.

    Go to Symposium programme

  • DG COMP Workshop on pass-on

    Hans W. FriederiszickBrussels, June 2017

    DG COMP organized a workshop in Brussels on 21st June 2017 with economic experts on the quantification of passing-on of overcharges in damages actions. Academic presentation were given by Roman Inderst, Özlem Bedre-Defolie, Markus Reisinger, André Romahn, Frank Verboven, Frode Steen and other.

    Hans W. Friederiszick, E.CA Economics, discussed the practical feasibility specifically highlighting the discrepancy between economic and legal causality according to the recent Sainsbury’s vs. MasterCard decision (CAT, 2016).

    Go to presentation

  • Geographic Market Definition – Analysis & Visualization

    Hans W. FriederiszickBrussels, May 2017

    Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick gave a presentation at the E.CA Compettion Law & Economics Expert Forum held in Brussels on 31 May 2017.

    The E.CA Expert Forum, held annually, offers insights into recent developments in competition law and economics with a special focus on market definition for merger and antitrust purposes. The EU Notice on Market Definition was published in 1997 and has been widely used ever since. This year marks its 20th anniversary and we will take this opportunity to review some of the “classic” methods and issues related to market definition and look ahead at new questions arising in the era of fast-moving digital markets and two-sided platforms;

    Go to presentation

  • 2016
  • Conference on State Aid Control: Where Law and Economics Meet

    Hans W. FriederiszickVincent VeroudenLexxion, Brussels, September 2016

    Hans W. Friederiszick chaired and Vincent Verouden spoke at the Lexxion Conference on State Aid Control: Where Law and Economics Meet, at the VUB in Brussels on 30 September 2016.
    Different panels of experts discussed various topics as: Ex post evaluations of State aid, the economics of State aid to infrastructure, State aid in tax and international Treaties, the Market Economy Investor test, Theories of harm in State aid Control, International competitiveness.

    Go to more information about the event

    Go to Vincent Verouden’s presentation

     

  • Presentation at The Antitrust Enforcement Symposium

    Hans W. Friederiszick gave a presentation at the Antitrust Enforcement seminar in Oxford. He presented most recent figures on private litigation activity in Europe, specifically exploring the recent trend towards early settlements (based on joint work with Michael Rauber,E.CA Economics).

    Go to Programme

  • Presentation on rebates at the “New Frontiers of Antitrust“ conference in Paris

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzConcurrences, Paris, June 2016

    Hans W. Friederiszick discussed together with Andreas Mundt, Trevor Soames and Nicolas Petit recent developments regarding enforcement practice on rebates in Europe. Hans presentation (jointly produced with Linda Gratz , E.CA Economics) specifically explored the merits of the As Efficient Competitor Test.

    Go to more information about the conference

    Go to presentation

     

  • 2014
  • Is economic analysis in 102 cases still relevant post Intel?

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzThe Antitrust Enforcement Symposium, Oxford, June 2014
  • Patents: Can Antitrust Authorities Contribute to Fixing the Dysfunctional Patent System?

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzNew Frontiers of Antitrust Conference, Paris, February 2014
  • 2013
  • Workshop on EU Cartel Litigation The Economists’ role

    Rainer NitscheHans W. FriederiszickAntitrust and Competition Law Compliance, Amsterdam, September 2013
  • Dominant and Efficient – On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzHal White Antitrust Conference, June 2013

    The European Commission’s policy on the relevance of efficiency considerations in abuse of dominance cases (Article 102 TFEU) has not been resolved satisfactorily. In an attempt to give guidance on this matter, we address the topic from two different angles: First, we review EC soft law provisions and recent decisions. Based on this review, we find that efficiency defences play a limited role under the current practice. They are of relevance in the growing number of IT related cases but only in these. Second, we explore – in the example of low price strategies – business practitioners’ views on the relevance of the pro and anti-competitive motives. Based on a survey of EMBA students, we find that low price strategies are indeed frequently used. The motives are diverse however, often pro-competitive and in line with antitrust compliance, i.e. low price strategies are rarely considered advisable for leading firms. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn.

    Go to White paper

  • Standard of Proof for Economic Evidence in Competition Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickIBC Competition Economics 2013, London, April 2013
  • 2012
  • Economics to Detect Collusion : The Hunt for the Perfect Benchmark

    Hans W. Friederiszick10th ACE Annual Conference, Paris, October 2012
  • Dominant and Efficient : On the relevance of efficiencies in Article 102 TFEU cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the OECD Roundtable, Paris, October 2012
  • Regional Aid Guidelines and Large Investment Projects

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the 10th Experts' Forum on New Developments in European State Aid Law, Brussels, June 2012
  • Defending Cartels in Regulatory Investigations – The Role of Economics

    Hans W. FriederiszickPeter D. Camesasca , Presentation at the IBC Competition Economics 2012, London, March 2012
  • 2011
  • Competitive assessment of price cycles in German retail gasoline markets

    Bas DessensHans W. FriederiszickDennis Beling , Presentation at the ACE Annual Conference, Bergen, Norway, November 2011
  • Informationsaustausch

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation on the law and economics of information exchange at the Studienvereinigung Kartellrecht, Munich, October 2011
  • Comments on the EU draft Guidance Paper – Quantification of harm

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the EC workshop on the draft Guidance Paper on the quantification of harm in Brussels, September 2011
  • Kooperation zum Bau neuer Glasfasernetze – Wettbewerbsökonomische Beurteilung

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars Wiethaus , Presentation at economiesuisse: Seminar FTTH Glasfaser, Zurich, June 2011
  • Pros and cons of net neutrality – Assessment of a sustainable Internet business model for the near future

    Hans W. FriederiszickSimone KohnzPresentation at the ETNO Meeting, at the Deutsche Telekom representation, Berlin, March 2011
  • Pharmaceutical innovation and pricing regulation – An economic assessment

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at Novartis: Workshop on The Forms of Pharmaceutical Regulation and Their Influence on Innovation in the Health System, Prague, January 2011
  • 2010
  • Pharmaceutical innovation and pricing regulation – An economic assessment

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the European Parliament: Economic Impact of Pharmaceutical Price Regulation on Innovative Products, Lunch Seminar organised by EUCOPE, Brussels , October 2010
  • Private enforcement: Damage assessment – Insights from German cartel cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Belgian Competition Authority: European Competition Day, Brussels, October 2010
  • Wie geht es weiter nach der Krise? – Argumente für und gegen Fortführung des Temporary Framework State Aid

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Euroforum: Beihilfenrecht 2010, Berlin , June 2010
  • On the relationship between price regulation and innovation

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at Howrey LLP: Competition and Intellectual Property Symposium, Paris, June 2010
  • Measuring competition in regulation and antitrust

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Justus-Liebig-University Giessen: Workshop on Effective Competition in Network Industries, Giessen, May 2010
  • Pharmaceutical innovation and pricing regulation

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Workshop at the EC - DG Enterprise, Brussels, May 2010
  • Quantification of harm in damages actions for antitrust infringements

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the European Commission: Workshop on quantification of antitrust harm, Brussels, January 2010
  • 2009
  • Competition between railway operators and low cost carriers in long-distance passenger transport

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung: Competition Policy Forum, Mannheim, December 2009
  • The German Cement Cartel

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the ACE Annual Conference, Berlin, November 2009, hosted by ESMT., November 2009
  • On the difficult relationship between competition policy and public enterprises

    Hans W. FriederiszickJakub KałuznySwedish Competition Authority Seminar :"The Pros and Cons of Competition in/by the Public Sector", Stockholm, November 2009
  • (An-) Reizeffekt: Stärken und Schwächen

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the Berliner Gesprächskreis zum Europäischen Beihilfenrecht e.V.: 16. Veranstaltung, Berlin, October 2009
  • Legal and economic impact of the state aid measures

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the IBC Legal conferences, 3rd annual event: Competition Law in the Financial Services Sector, London, June 2009
  • Analyzing the Perspectives for Intramodal Competition in the Railway Industry – the Case of Long-Distance Passenger Transport

    Hans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller , Presentation at the Bates White 6th Annual Conference, Washington, DC, June 2009
  • Analyzing the Perspectives for Intramodal Competition in the Railway Industry – the Case of Long-Distance Passenger Transport

    Hans W. FriederiszickPresentation at the European Parliament, Brussels, April 2009

Rainer Nitsche, Director E.CA Economics and Research Fellow, ESMT

Rainer Nitsche

Director and Research Fellow, ESMT

Rainer Nitsche

Director and Research Fellow, ESMT

Dr Rainer Nitsche is a Director of E.CA Economics and an expert in providing economic advice in competition and litigation cases before the European Commission and national competition authorities in Germany, Austria, the UK and the Netherlands. He has more than 20 years’ experience in supporting clients in all fields of competition policy enforcement, including cartel and abuse of a dominant position cases and merger control (Phase I and Phase II investigations). In addition, he has advised undertakings on a variety of regulation issues in network industries and several European national governments and State aid recipients in State aid control proceedings. He is named in GCR’s Who’s Who as one of the leading competition economists.

Besides renowned law firms, his clients have also included the European Commission and British, Dutch and German competition and regulatory authorities. He regularly testifies as a court expert on merger and litigation cases for the Austrian Cartel Court. Dr Nitsche has conducted overcharge and damage assessments for courts, plaintiffs and defendants in more than 20 cartel matters (e.g. automotive glass, acoustic and thermal isolation products, bearings, beer, chemicals, cold cuts, de-icing salt, district heating, elevators and escalators, financial products, firefighting vehicles, grocery retail, liquefied petroleum gas, rails, sugar, trucks) and he has advised and testified in more than 40 merger proceedings (e.g. RHI/Magnesita, Wiener Hafen/ÖBB-Infrastruktur, Immonet/Immowelt, Novomatic/Casino Austria, Heidelberg Cement/Italcementi, Telefónica/E-Plus, H3G/O2, Liberty Global/Kabel BW, Strabag/Lafarge, Vattenfall/Nuon, REWE/Adeg, T Mobile/tele.ring). In addition, he has advised on a number of abuse of dominant position cases in the telecommunications and other network industries.

Dr Nitsche regularly publishes and speaks on antitrust matters. He is a research fellow at the European School of Management and Technology (ESMT) where he teaches a course on digital platform strategy.

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. oec. in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • MSc in Economics, London School of Economics
  • Diplom Volkswirt, Freie Universität Berlin

Publications

    2018
  • Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

    More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

    Go to publication

  • 2016
  • Multiple rounds in a chain store game

    Rainer NitscheMichael Melles, Springer, Theory and Decision, doi: 10.1007/s11238-016-9551-2, November 2016
  • 2015
  • Upward Pricing Pressure Analysis: Critical Issues in Recent Applications

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 6, 48-53., January 2015
  • 2014
  • Margin squeeze : An overview of EU and national case law

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, e-Competitions Bulletin Margin squeeze, Art. N° 65238, April 2014
  • 2006
  • T-Mobile/tele. ring: analysing mavericks and efficiencies in "the first gap case".

    Rainer NitscheCRA Competition Memo, July 2006
  • Wettbewerbsökonomische Analyse der Auswirkungen von Fusionen

    Rainer NitscheRecht und Ökonomie im europäischen Wettbewerbsrecht, 53-70. In der Schriftenreihe Europäisches Recht, Politik und Wirtschaft; Bd.318, January 2006
  • 2004
  • Study on the Port of Rotterdam – Market Definition and Market Power

    Rainer NitscheCRA-Study for the Dutch competition authority (Nederlandse Mededingingsautoriteit, NMa), December 2004
  • Innovation in the pharmaceutical sector

    Rainer NitscheCRA-Study for the European Commission, DG Enterprise, November 2004
  • 2003
  • Comments to the Draft Notice on Horizontal Merger Control.

    Rainer NitscheSubmission to the European Commission, March 2003
  • 2002
  • Are Anti-Predation Rules in the Public Interest?

    Rainer NitscheCRA Competition Policy Discussion Paper 5, Charles River Associates Limited, September 2002
  • 2000
  • Incentive to Grow : Multimarket Firms and Predation.

    Rainer NitscheWZB Discussion Paper FS IV00-19, December 2000
  • A price concentration study on European mobile telecom markets

    Rainer NitschePauline Affeldt, ESMT Working Paper No. WP-14-07.
  • The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 – Germany (country chapter)

    Hans W. FriederiszickRainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Global Competition Review.

    “An extract from The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 – www.GlobalCompetitionReview.com

    Go to chapter

  • Competitive Impacts of Information Exchange

    Rainer NitschePaper written on behalf of the European Liner Affairs Association in the context of the reform of Regulation 4056/86.
  • Wege zur effizienten Organisation des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs. Optionen für die kommunalen gebietskörperschaften

    Rainer NitschePrice Waterhouse Brochure.
  • The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012 – Germany (country chapter)

    Hans W. FriederiszickRainer NitscheDennis Beling, In: C. Campbell (Ed.), The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012. Nottinghamshire: Encompass Print Solutions.

    An extract from The Handbook of Competition Economics 2012- a Global Competition Review special report – www.GlobalCompetitionReview.com.

    Go to report

  • The Electricity Wholesale Sector: Market Integration and Competition

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Axel Ockenfels, Lars-Hendrik Röller, ESMT No. WP-110-01.
  • Study on Methods to Analyse the Effects of State Aid on Competition

    Rainer NitscheEuropean Economy No 244.
  • Screening and Merger Activity

    Rainer NitscheAlbert Banal-Estanol, Jo Seldeslachts, Journal of Industrial Economics 58 (4):794-817.
  • Owner Effect and Sunk Investments

    Rainer NitscheUlrich Soltész, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht, issue 11/2012: 408-413.
  • On the Effectiveness of Anti-Predation Rules

    Rainer NitscheWZB Discussion Paper FS IV 02-12, 2002.
  • NGA: Access Regulation, Investment, and Welfare. A Model Based Comparative Analysis

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, ESMT White Paper No. WP-110-02.
  • Nach der Liberalisierung. Eine Herausforderung für die Wettbewerbspolitik (Competition after Liberalization. A challenge for competition policy).

    Rainer NitscheWZB-Mitteilungen, 92, June 2001:12-15.
  • Liberalization and Privatization of London Transport

    Rainer NitscheDVG Schriftenreihe, B213.
  • Liberalisierung von Netzökonomien. Herausforderung für die Wettbewerbspolitik (Liberalizing Network Industries. A Challenge for Competition Policy)

    Rainer NitscheIn Die Soziale Marktwirtschaft in der neuen Weltwirtschaft (WZB-Jahrbuch 2001), ed. L.-H Röller and C. Wey, 249-290. Fulda: Fuldaer Verlagsagentur.
  • Großhandelsmärkte für Strom – Marktintegration und Wettbewerb aus deutscher Perspektive

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Lars-Hendrik Röller, A. Ockenfels, Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, 3-2010.
  • Economics on the Advance—European Reform and German Competition Policy (Die ökonomische Analyse auf dem Vormarsch – Europäische Reform und deutsche Wettbewerbspolitik)

    Rainer NitscheJ. Thielert, Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb, 54 (3): 250–258.
  • Does Europe need subsidized competition for achieving the goal of rapid deployment of broadband networks?

    Rainer NitscheHans W. FriederiszickLars-Hendrik Röller, Comments on the draft Community Guidelines for the application of State aid rules in relation to rapid deployment of broadband networks. Submitted to the EC Commission.
  • Defining product markets for shopping centers – Thoughts on methodological choices

    Jakub KałuznyRainer NitscheLars-Hendrik Röller, ESMT No. WP-11-02.
  • Defining Product Markets for Retail Rental Space: Thoughts on Methodological Choices

    Jakub KałuznyRainer NitscheLars-Hendrik Röller, European Competition Journal 7 (3): 421-431.
  • Competition Law in Regulated Industries: On the Case and Scope for Intervention

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2012, doi: 10.1093/jeclap/lpr087.
  • Comments on state aid reform: Some implications of an Effects-based approach.

    Rainer NitscheIn Conferences on New Political Economy, Vol. 24 : The More Economic Approach to European Competition Law, ed. D. Schmidtchen, M. Albert and Stefan Voigt, 321-344. Frankfurt a. M. : Mohr Siebeck.
  • Comments on State Aid Reform – some Implications of an Effects-based Approach.

    Rainer NitscheEuropean State Aid Law Quarterly, 5: 23-34.
  • Access Regulation and Investment in the Next Generation Networks: A Ranking of Regulatory Regimes

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, ESMT Working Paper No. 09-003.
  • Access regulation and investment in next generation networks – A ranking of regulatory regimes

    Rainer NitscheLars Wiethaus, International Journal of Industrial Organization 29 (2): 263-272.

Presentations

    2016
  • Presentation at ERA Summer Course on European Competition Law

    Rainer NitscheTrier, July 2016

    Rainer Nitsche presented at the ERA Summer Course on European Competition Law in Trier. He talked about “Competition policy and economics; an introduction” & “Defining the relevant market: methodology and challenges”.

    Got to event page

  • Presentation at GCR Live 5th Annual Telecoms, Media & Technology

    Rainer NitscheLondon, July 2016

    Rainer Nitsche Presented at GCR Live 5th Annual Telecoms, Media & Technology in London. He talked about “Mobile to mobile mergers: New paradigm or market-specific issues?”

    Go to event page

  • 2014
  • Mobile telephony mergers: Telefonica/E-plus

    Rainer Nitsche12th ACE Annual Conference, Mannheim, December 2014
  • Cartel Presumptions, Quantification and Pass-on – a Claimant’s View.

    Rainer Nitsche2nd E.CA Competition Law and Economics Expert Forum, Berlin, March 2014
  • 2013
  • Regional Aid – Observations on Welfare and Entrepreneurs

    Rainer NitscheERA State Aid Conference, Trier, November 2013
  • Workshop on EU Cartel Litigation The Economists’ role

    Rainer NitscheHans W. FriederiszickAntitrust and Competition Law Compliance, Amsterdam, September 2013
  • A panel discussion on the competition law of joint ventures.

    Rainer NitscheNoerr Competition Day 2013, Munich, May 2013
  • Comments on Sector Inquiries and Joint Ventures

    Rainer NitscheStudienvereinigung Kartellrecht, Berlin, February 2013
  • 2012
  • Materielle Fusionskontrolle : Leitfaden und 8. GWB-Novelle

    Rainer NitschePresentation at the Studienvereinigung Kartellrecht, Berlin, October 2012
  • Efficiencies as a Meaningful Defence in Merger Control

    Rainer NitschePresentation at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Competition Law and Policy (ICC) and Crowell and Moring LPP Annual Conference, Brussels, June 2012
  • LGI’s Acquisition of KBW – Effects on Competition and Bargaining Power

    Rainer NitscheBates White's Ninth Annual Antitrust Conference, Washington, June 2012
  • 2011
  • Strabag/Lafarge – critical customer approach and other methods

    Rainer NitschePresentation at the ACE Annual Conference, Bergen, Norway, November 2011
  • 2010
  • Magna/Karmann: Collective Dominance and Treatment of Customer Statements as Evidence

    Rainer NitscheACE 2010 Annual Conference, Norwich, November 2010
  • Conglomerate Merger Control and Predation

    Rainer NitscheBates White's Seventh Annual Antitrust Conference, Washington, June 2010
  • 2009
  • DF Profitability for Investors and Access Seekers in Different Regulatory Environments and Investment Settings

    Rainer NitscheBroad Group: 2nd annual Dark Fibre Convention, London, November 2009
  • Assessing Risk Sharing Proposals

    Rainer NitscheECTA Conference : Fibre Investment for Europe's Recovery, Brussels, June 2009
  • Private Investor Test – Economic Methods to Determine the Behaviour of Private Investors in the Counterfactual

    Rainer NitscheEuroforum-Jahrestagung Beihilfenrecht, Berlin, June 2009
  • Role of Economic Analyses in Competition Law

    Rainer NitscheAssociation of Corporate Councel Europe (ACCE) Seminar, Frankfurt, May 2009
  • Quantification of Damages in Private Enforcement Actions

    Rainer NitscheSeminar der Konrad Adenauer Stiftung : Europaische Wettbewerbspolitik am Beispiel des Europaischen Kartellrechts, Brussels, May 2009
  • 2008
  • Managing Economic Analysis in Competition Law

    Rainer NitscheESMT Open Enrollment Program, Cologne, April 2008
  • 2007
  • Regulating Dominant Firms – Predation Strategies in the Transport Sector

    Rainer NitscheESMT program : Political Economy of Regulation, Berlin, November 2007
  • Ex ante Regulation – The Mobile Telephony Case

    Rainer NitscheESMT program : Political Economy of Regulation, Berlin, November 2007
  • What is Driving Utility Industry Consolidation?

    Rainer NitscheThe Institute of Economic Affairs' 6th Annual Conference "Energy 2007 : Challenges across Europe", Brussels, October 2007
  • The “More Economic Approach” in EU Competition Policy: 5 Hypotheses.

    Rainer Nitsche2. Wissenschaftlicher Roundtable, DIW, Berlin, October 2007
  • International Comparison of Mobile Termination Rates

    Rainer NitscheBundesnetzagentur : "Prasentation Enteltgenehmigungsantrag von T-Mobile", Bonn, October 2007
  • Benefit and Harm of Information Exchange

    Rainer NitscheIBC Conference: Advanced EC Competition Law, The Café Royale, London , April 2007
  • 2006
  • Comments on State Aid Reform – Some Implications of an Effects-based Approach

    Rainer Nitsche25th Conference on Political Economy: "Frontiers of EC Antitrust Enforcement: The More Economic Approach", Saarbrücken, October 2006
  • The Most Appropriate Economic Tool for a Better Targeted State Aid Policy

    Rainer NitscheMassimo Merola, Leigh Hancher , GCLC Conference "Economic Analysis of State Aid Rules - Contributions and Limits", Brussels, September 2006
  • Strategic Thoughts on the Regulation of Mobile Termination Rates

    Rainer NitscheSymposium Humboldt Universität Berlin: "Weichenstellung in der Mobilfunkregulierung", Berlin, September 2006
  • The Economic Assessment of State Aid – How it can be done

    Rainer NitscheAdvanced State Aid Seminar and Maastricht Forum on State Aid, Maastricht, June 2006
  • Selectivity, Economic Advantage, Distortion of Competition and Effect of Trade

    Rainer NitschePenelope Papandropoulos, Denis Waelbroeck , IT-Tower Workshop, Brussels, June 2006
  • A Refined Economic Approach in European State Aid Control – The Art of Assessing Market Failures

    Rainer Nitsche4th Annual Experts' Forum on New Developments in European State Aid Control, Brussels, March 2006
  • 2005
  • State Aid Reform – Implications and Open Issues

    Rainer NitscheBest Friends Law Firm Network, 21 February 2006, Brussels and 3rd Annual CRA Conference, Brussels, December 2005
  • The Economic Approach regarding Innovation Aid

    Rainer NitscheBerliner Gesprächskreis 7tes Treffen Aktionsplan "Staatliche Beihilfen", der ökonomische Ansatz; Innovation und FuE-Beihilfen, Berlin, December 2005
  • The Effect of State Aid on Competition

    Rainer Nitsche3rd Annual ACE Conference, Copenhagen, December 2005
  • Examples for Economic Analyses in Merger Control

    Rainer NitscheKolloquium "Recht und Ökonomie im Europäischen Wirtschaftsrecht", Freiburg, July 2005
  • Innovation Crisis? The Role of Incentives to Innovate.

    Rainer NitscheDGPharMed-Jahreskongress, Cologne, March 2005
  • The Role of Economic Analysis in Applying Art. 81

    Rainer NitscheERA (Europäische Rechtsakademie) Tagung "Der Einfluss des europäischen Wettbewerbsrechts auf die nationale Richter- und Anwaltspraxis", Vienna, March 2005
  • 2004
  • Innovation in the Pharmaceutical Industry.

    Rainer NitscheRoundtable with Industry Experts, Brussels, June 2004
  • 2003
  • State Aid – The Effect on Trade

    Rainer NitscheERA (Europäische Rechtsakademie) 7. Forum zum europäischen Beihilfenrecht, Trier, November 2003
  • 2002
  • On the Effectiveness of Anti-Predation Rules

    Rainer NitscheIUI Stockholm Research Institute of Industrial Economics, 10 December 2002, Stockholm / EEA (European Economic Association) Congress 2002, 22-24 August 2002, Venice / WZB Economic Seminar Series, Berlin, February 2002
  • 2000
  • Liberalisation in a Social Market Economy: Challenges for Competition Policy

    Rainer NitscheWZB-Jahrbuchkonferenz, Berlin, December 2000
  • Discussion of “Why Mergers Reduce Profits and Raise Share Prices – A Thery of Preemptive Mergers”, by Sven-Olof Fridolfsson and Johan Stennek

    Rainer NitscheWZB-Conference Industrial Organisation, Berlin, December 2000
  • Incentives to Grow: Multimarket Firms and Predation

    Rainer Nitsche27th EARIE (European Association for Research in Industrial Economics) Annual Conference, Lausanne, September 2000
  • 1999
  • Experiences with the Tendering Regime of London Buses

    Rainer NitscheFHW Seminar "Umstrukturierung und Kommerzialisierung", Berlin, May 1999
  • 1997
  • Liberalisation and Privatisation of London Transport

    Rainer Nitsche30. Verkehrswissenschaftliches Seminar der Gesellschaft für Verkehrswissenschaft und Regionalpolitik an der Universität Freiburg (Prof. Dr. Knieps) in Verbindung mit der Verkehrswissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft, Hinterzarten, October 1997
  • Comment to the Draft Postal Act of the German Government

    Rainer NitscheÖffentlichen Anhörung zum Postgesetzentwurf der Bundesregierung, Bonn, September 1997
  • Liberalisation of Local Bus Services in London

    Rainer NitscheGastvortrag bei Prof. Dr. Jürgen Müller, Fachlochschule für Wirtschaft Berlin, June 1997
  • 1996
  • Market Structure in a Liberalised Postal Market

    Rainer NitscheGastvortrag im Seminar "Wettbewerb und Regulierung in Europa", Prof. Dr. Tomann, FU-Berlin, Berlin, 22 January 1999, 9 May 1997 , November 1996
  • Mergers & Acquisitions Lecture

    Rainer NitscheSeminar im Auftrag von Professor Röller für das wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Hauptstudium an der Humboldt Universität Berlin, Wintersemester 2000, Berlin.,
  • Electrified? Liberalisation of European Electricity Markets

    Rainer NitscheJean Monet Seminar im Auftrag von Professor Hubert für das wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Hauptstudium and der Freien Universität, Wintersemester 1999, Berlin,

Simone Kohnz, Director E.CA Economics

Simone Kohnz

Director

Simone Kohnz

Director

Dr Simone Kohnz is a Director at E.CA Economics. She has more than 10 years of experience in economic consulting and has advised clients from a wide range of industries, in all areas of competition policy and across a number of jurisdictions, including Germany, the European Union, the United Kingdom and Austria. In recent years, Simone has specialised in the quantification of damages in private litigation cases. She has advised clients and drafted expert-witness reports for German and Austrian cartel and information-exchange cases in numerous areas, including the sugar, bumper and turntable ladder, district heating, fast-moving consumer goods and de-icing salt sectors.

Simone also has considerable merger experience, with recent work including a number of merger-feasibility studies in the fast-moving consumer goods and asphalt-plant industries. She has also provided assistance in high-profile mergers, including Knorr/Bremse, H+H/Xella and Strabag/Lafarge. Furthermore, she has worked on a number of regulatory cases in the telecommunications, transport and pharmaceuticals sectors.

Prior to joining E.CA, Simone was an analyst at the European competition practice at NERA Economic Consulting in London. Simone holds a Doctorate in bargaining theory from the University of Munich.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. oec. (economics), Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität Munich
  • Diplom Volkswirtin Universität Mannheim

Presentations

    2017
  • CMS-Roadshow Kartellrecht 2017

    Simone KohnzStuttgart, June 2017

    Simone Kohnz gave a presentation at CMS-Roadshow Kartellrecht 2017 in Stuttgart on the methods of cartel damage estimation. She discussed different approaches to estimate cartel overcharges and the impact of market conditions and data availability on the choice of the appropriate method. She also presented factors that influence the likelihood and extend of pass on of overcharges to consumers.

  • 2011
  • Pros and cons of net neutrality – Assessment of a sustainable Internet business model for the near future

    Hans W. FriederiszickSimone KohnzPresentation at the ETNO Meeting, at the Deutsche Telekom representation, Berlin, March 2011

Theon van Dijk, Director E.CA Economics

Theon van Dijk

Director

Theon van Dijk

Director

Dr Theon van Dijk is a Director of E.CA Economics and has more than 20 years’ experience as an expert in the economics of competition law and network regulation.

His experience covers all fields of competition policy enforcement, including providing economic support to parties in merger control cases (initial and in-depth investigations), in abuse of dominance and cartel investigations, with self-assessments of vertical and horizontal agreements, in State aid matters and regarding intellectual property licensing conditions. He has worked on cases before the European Commission and national competition authorities in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. In addition, he has advised parties in litigation cases, including cartel damages cases, and has acted as an economic expert on behalf of parties before court and in arbitration proceedings. He has also served as an arbitrator.

Besides renowned law firms and national competition authorities and regulators, his clients have included firms in a wide range of industries, such as the pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, consumer electronics, fast-moving consumer goods, broadcast services, lighting products, salt, sugar, beer, publishing, hospital and telecommunications services sectors. Theon has provided expert advice to companies such as Philips Medical Systems, Funda, TenneT, Sandd, Parnassia, Betfair, L’Oréal, The Greenery, Brink’s and Knauf.

After working in senior positions for major international consultancies in London and Brussels, Theon founded Lexonomics in 2005, which joined forces with E.CA Economics in November 2016. Between 2013 and 2015, Theon served as the Chief Economist of the European Patent Office in Munich. He has published widely in the areas of industrial economics, competition policy and intellectual property.

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Maastricht University
  • MA in Economics, Maastricht University (cum laude)

Publications

    2018
  • Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

    More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

    Go to publication

  • Margin squeeze: Recent developments in EU and national case law

    Theon van DijkLinda Gratze-Competitions Bulletin Margin squeeze, Art. N° 86350, April 2018
  • 2017
  • Price Comparison Websites and Selective Distribution Systems: An Effects-Based Approach

    Theon van DijkHans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaComplaw-blog, December 2017

    Hans W. Friederiszick, Theon van Dijk, and Elżbieta Głowicka published an article on the CompLaw blog, arguing for an effects-based approach when analyzing restrictions in the use and/or active support of price comparison websites by authorised dealers within a selective distribution system.

    Go to article

  • 2013
  • Bertrand Competition with an Asymmetric No-discrimination Constraint

    Theon van DijkJan Bouckaert, Hans Degryse, Journal of Industrial Economics , Volume LXI, pp. 62-83, March 2013
  • 2012
  • New cartel watchdog has to show its teeth (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkPaul de Bijl, Het Financieele Dagblad, October 2012
  • Competition policy and public interests: an economic perspective (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkPaul de Bijl, Markt & Mededinging, nr. 4, pp. 149- 156, October 2012
  • Only competition is relevant for the new Authority Consumer and Market " (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkPaul de Bijl, Me Judice, September 2012, September 2012
  • 2011
  • Annotation: Van Drie/Alpuro (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkPaul de Bijl, Markt & Mededinging, december 2011, nr. 6, pp. 245-248, December 2011
  • 2010
  • Access Regulation, Competition, and Broadband Penetration: An International Study

    Theon van DijkJan Bouckaert, Frank Verboven, Telecommunications Policy, volume 34, issue 11, pp. 661-671, December 2010
  • CBb wrongly nullifies OPTA’s broadcasting market analysis decisions (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkJonas Rosenstok, Actualiteiten Mededingingsrecht 5, October 2010
  • The New Block Exemption Vertical Restraints – A Modest Step Forward

    Theon van DijkPaul Lugard, Markt & Mededinging 3: 107-111, June 2010
  • The New EC Block Exemption for Vertical Restraints: a Step Forward and a Missed Opportunity

    Theon van DijkPaul Lugard, CPI Antitrust Journal, June 2010 (2), June 2010
  • 2009
  • The Draft Block Exemption Vertical Restraints – A Step Forward? (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkPaul Lugard, Markt & Mededinging, 5: 148-155, November 2009
  • Cartel Damages Claims and the Passing-On Defense

    Theon van DijkFrank Verboven, Journal of Industrial Economics Vol 57(3), pp: 457-491, September 2009
  • Imperfect Enforcement of Predatory Pricing Law

    Theon van DijkDag Morten Dalen, Norwegian School of Management, Working Paper, April 2009
  • 2005
  • Niet-horizontale concentraties en diagonaal economisch denken

    Theon van DijkMarkt & Mededinging, december 2005, 8: 8, pp: 239-246, December 2005
  • 2000
  • Gezamenlijke marktmacht en het besluit inzake Airtours/FirstChoice

    Theon van DijkSimon Baker, Markt & Mededinging, 3(3), 89-95, June 2000
  • 1999
  • Executive Summary of “The Economic Consequences of the Choice of a Regime of Exhaustion in the Area of Trademarks”

    Theon van DijkJohn Rhys et al, NERA, London, February 1999

    Reprinted in The Economics of Intellectual Property, International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Towse and Holzbauer (eds.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2002.

  • 1998
  • Ervaringen met Public Private Partnerships in het Verenigd Koninkrijk

    Theon van DijkMichael Spackman, Economisch Statistische Berichten, October 1998, 83(4170): 10-15, October 1998
  • Prijsregulering voor netwerkdiensten (in Dutch)

    Theon van DijkEconomisch Statistische Berichten, March 1998, 83: 253-256, March 1998
  • 1997
  • Regulatory Reform and Competition Policy” and “Science and Technology Policy

    Theon van DijkGeorge Gelauff, Chapters in: Challenging Neighbours, Rethinking Institutions in Germany and the Netherlands, Springer Verlag, 1997, March 1997
  • New Perspectives in Investment in Infrastructures”, chapter on “Regulation and investments in infrastructure

    Theon van DijkDutch Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR)
  • Regulation and Broadband Penetration – What is Required to Regain Speed in Belgium?

    Theon van DijkJan Bouckaert, Frank Verboven,
  • The Effect of Novelty Requirements on Subsequent Innovations

    Theon van DijkTinbergen Institute Research Bulletin, 1992, 4: 187-195
  • Technologiebeleid in een economisch perspectief

    Theon van DijkLuc Soete, in R.T. Frambach en E.J. Nijssen (eds.), Technologie en Strategisch Management, Utrecht: Lemma, 1992
  • Naar een economische theorie van imperfecte octrooibescherming

    Theon van DijkVraagstelling, 1994, 1(4): 95-102
  • – The Limits of Patent Protection, Essays on the Economics of Intellectual Property Rights

    Theon van DijkPhD Thesis, Maastricht: Maastricht University Press
  • Economic Implications of Converging Patent Breadth in Europe

    Theon van DijkPatrick Van Cayseele, in John Hagedoorn (ed.), Technical Change and the World Economy, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
  • De roofprijzentest in de Deutsche Post AG zaak

    Theon van DijkTijdschrift Privatisering
  • An Address Model of Patent Breadth with Two Countries

    Theon van DijkCurtis Eaton, Patrick van Cayseele, Applied Microeconomics Theory: Selected Essays of B. Curtis Eaton, Edward Elgar Press, 2003
  • Assessing Unilateral Effects in Bidding Markets: Mixed Progress

    Theon van Dijkin: L. Hancher and P. Lugard (eds.), On the Merits, Current Issues in Competition Law and Policy (Liber Amicorum Peter Plompen), Intersentia, 2005
  • The passing-on defence and the full compensation principle

    Theon van DijkFrank Verboven, Concurrences, 3-2010
  • Innovation Incentives through Third-Degree Price Discrimination in a Model of Patent Breadth

    Theon van DijkEconomics Letters, 47: 431-435

    Reprinted in: The Economics of Price Discrimination, International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, George Norman (ed.), Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 1999.

  • Patent Height and Competition in Product Improvements

    Theon van DijkJournal of Industrial Economics 44: 151-167
  • Competition and Innovation

    Theon van DijkJan Boone, Tilburg University, De Economist 146 (3): 445-461
  • Passing the European Patent Office: Evidence from the Data-Processing Industry

    Theon van DijkGeert Duyster, Technical University of Eindhoven, Research Policy 27: 937-946
  • Licence Contracts, Future Exchange Clauses, and Technological Competition

    Theon van DijkEuropean Economic Review, 44: 1431-1448
  • General or Specific Competition Rules for Network Utilities?

    Theon van DijkJournal of Network Industries, 2: 93-111
  • Unilateral Effects in Retail Chain Mergers: An Application to Supermarkets

    Theon van DijkAndrea Coscelli, Simon Baker, European Competition Law Review 23 (4): 180-192 (2002)
  • Quantification of Damages

    Theon van DijkFrank Verboven, Wayne D. Collins, ed., Issues in Competition Law and Policy, American Bar Association, Antitrust Section, 2008
  • Implementing the passing-on defence in cartel damages actions

    Theon van DijkFrank Verboven, Global Competition Litigation Review, 2010, volume 3, pp. 98-105

Vincent Verouden, Director E.CA Economics

Vincent Verouden

Director

Vincent Verouden

Director

Dr Vincent Verouden joined E.CA Economics in 2014 as a Director of the Brussels office, after having served as a deputy chief economist at the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition (DG Competition).

Vincent, a Dutch national, started his professional career at DG Competition in January 2000. In his early years there, he worked for the Merger Task Force (MTF). In addition to reviewing individual merger cases, he was also one of the co-authors of the Commission’s Horizontal Merger Guidelines, published in 2004. Subsequently, Vincent worked for DG Competition’s Chief Economist Team (CET), serving as deputy chief economist between 2012 and 2014. In his time at the CET, Vincent took a lead role in the development of the Non-Horizontal Merger Guidelines (2008) and the Commission’s antitrust inquiry into the pharmaceutical sector (2008–2009) and related cases. He was also deeply involved in the economic analysis of State aid cases and the development of policy in this field (State aid modernisation).

His present consulting activities span the fields of antitrust, merger control and State aid control. Recent engagements include work for Airbus Helicopter, ArcelorMittal, Heineken, HeidelbergCement, LG Chem, CVC Capital Partners and Jacobs Holding AG.

Vincent is an extramural fellow at the Tilburg Law and Economics Centre (TILEC), Solvay fellow at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and maître de conférences at the University of Liège/Brussels School of Competition. He is the author of many publications on competition policy, and a co-editor of the reference book “EU State aid control: Law and economics” (Kluwer, 2017).

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Tilburg University

Publications

    2018
  • Recent economic applications in EU merger control: UPP and beyond

    More than a decade since the introduction of the ‘significant impediment to effective competition’ test (SIEC test) in the EU, refined economic methods have become increasingly relevant to the evaluation of mergers. This paper addresses three of the more important assessment methods in this context: the UPP (upward pricing pressure) method, the analysis of ‘natural experiments’ and the analysis of bidding data.

    Go to publication

  • 2017
  • EU State Aid Control: Law and Economics

    Vincent VeroudenPhilipp Werner, The Hague/London/New York: Kluwer Law International, January 2017

    A new book came out on the topic of EU State Aid Control.

    The book, edited by Vincent Verouden, E.CA Economics and Philipp Werner, Jones Day summarises the main State aid rules and cases and discusses their economic background and rationale.

    It is written by a selection of distinguished experts, including lawyers, economists, academics and officials.

    Go to more information

  • 2016
  • Nieuwe economische standaarden in fusiecontrole: Wat komt er na HHI en SSNIP (New economic standards in merger control; in Dutch)

    Bas DessensVincent VeroudenTijdschrift Mededingingsrecht in de Praktijk, Sdu Uitgevers, The Hague, September 2016
  • 2015
  • EU State aid control: The quest for effectiveness

    Vincent VeroudenEStAL Journal 2015 Issue 4/15: p. 1-6., October 2015
  • Information exchanges among competitors

    Vincent VeroudenA. Boutin, Horizontal Agreements and Cartels in EU Competition Law, eds. F. Wijckmans and F. Tuytschaever. Oxford: Oxford University Press, March 2015
  • 2014
  • The economics of competition

    Vincent VeroudenL. Peeperkorn, The EC Law of Competition, ed. J. Faull and A. Nikpay, Oxford: Oxford University Press, March 2014
  • 2009
  • Generic entry in prescription medicines in the EU: Main characteristics, determinants and effects

    Elżbieta GłowickaVincent VeroudenS. Lorincz, E. Pesaresi, Final Report on the pahramaceutical sector inquiry, European Commission staff working document, July 2009
  • Marktwerking, staatssteun en diensten van algemeen economisch belang – de rol van Artikel 86 EG (Competition, state aid and services of general economic interest – The role of Article 106 EC; in Dutch)

    Vincent VeroudenPreadviezen van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staathuishoudkunde, The Royal Netherlands Economic Association., June 2009
  • 2008
  • Vertical agreements: Motivation and impact

    Vincent VeroudenCompetition Law and Policy, ed. W.D. Collins. American Bar Association, Section of Antitrust Law, May 2008
  • Towards a more refined economic approach in state aid control.

    Vincent VeroudenD. Neven, EU competition law: State aid, April 2008
  • 2007
  • European State aid control. An Economic Framework

    Hans W. FriederiszickVincent VeroudenLars-Hendrik Röller, In P. Buccirossi (Ed.) Handbook of Antitrust Economics. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT press. 625-671, March 2007
  • 2004
  • The draft EU Notice on horizontal mergers: A further step towards convergence.

    Vincent VeroudenC. Bengtsson, S. Albaek, The Antitrust Bulletin, 46: 243-285, March 2004
  • 2003
  • Vertical agreements and article 81(1) EC: The evolving role of economic analysis.

    Vincent VeroudenAntitrust Law Journal 71(2): 525-575, January 2003
  • Comments on the role of efficiencies. in EC merger control: A major reform in progress

    Vincent VeroudenC. Rakovsky, G. Drauz, M. Reynolds, Richmond Law & Tax

Presentations

    2018
  • Market definition in multi-sided markets

    Vincent VeroudenERA Training for National Judges, Budapest, Hungary, June 2018

    Vincent Verouden presented at the Antitrust Enforcement in Digital Markets: Training for National Judges. Enforcement in the framework of Article 101 TFEU, in Budapest on 4-5 June 2018.

     

    Go to event program

  • 2017
  • Applying the Market Economy Operator Test

    Vincent VeroudenEStAL Seminar, Lake Starnberg, Germany, April 2017

    Vincent Verouden spoke at the EStAL Seminar 2017 that was held in Starnberg (Germany) on 20-22 April 2017.  This seminar discussed different facets of the concept of economic activity, taking into consideration the latest ruling of the courts and Commission decisions and the application of the Market Economy Operator Principle (MEOP).

    Link to the Program

  • 2016
  • Presentation at the ENTraNCE Annual Conference

    Vincent VeroudenEuropean University Institute, Florence, October 2016

    Vincent Verouden presented at the ENTraNCE Annual Conference, which was held at the European University Institute in Florence on 14-15 October 2016. He talked about “Merger trends in innovation markets – Emerging trends in US and EU competition law”.

    Go to more information about the event

    Go to presentation

     

  • Conference on State Aid Control: Where Law and Economics Meet

    Hans W. FriederiszickVincent VeroudenLexxion, Brussels, September 2016

    Hans W. Friederiszick chaired and Vincent Verouden spoke at the Lexxion Conference on State Aid Control: Where Law and Economics Meet, at the VUB in Brussels on 30 September 2016.
    Different panels of experts discussed various topics as: Ex post evaluations of State aid, the economics of State aid to infrastructure, State aid in tax and international Treaties, the Market Economy Investor test, Theories of harm in State aid Control, International competitiveness.

    Go to more information about the event

    Go to Vincent Verouden’s presentation

     

  • Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine (AMCU) training program

    Vincent VeroudenKiev, September 2016

     

    On 29-30 September 2016, Vincent Verouden gave the first of a series of trainings on competition policy for officials of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine (AMCU). The training program has been set up in cooperation with law firm CMS and is funded by the EBRD (EBRD Project 49475).

     

    Go to more information on the event  

  • Presentation at the Berliner Gesprächskreis/UKSALA Roundtable

    Vincent VeroudenBerlin, June 2016

    Vincent Verouden presented at the conference “Latest Developments in State Aid Law as they affect the United Kingdom and Germany” organized by the UK State Aid Law Association (UKSALA) and the Berlin Round Table on EU State Aid Law. He talked about the application of economic analysis in state aid control, both in the design of the rules and in individual cases.

    Go to presentation

  • EU competition law enforcement and the legacy of Ordo-liberalism: myths and realities

    Vincent VeroudenGCLC 80th Lunch Talk, Brussels, April 2016
  • 2015
  • Information exchanges among competitors

    Vincent VeroudenERA EU Competition Law Workshop, Brussels, December 2015
  • Information exchanges among competitors

    Vincent VeroudenTILEC Seminar Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands. , June 2015
  • EU State aid control: The quest for effectiveness

    Vincent VeroudenSHAPE Conference - An enquiry into the forces shaping anti-subsidy and state aid laws, Birmingham, UK, May 2015
  • The economics of vertical restraints

    Vincent VeroudenCompetition economics for judges. OECD-GVH RCC Seminar, Budapest, February 2015
  • 2014
  • Assessing the effectiveness of state aid

    Vincent VeroudenEuropean Competition Day, Athens, Greece, April 2014
  • The EU rules on state aid to R&D and innovation: an outlook

    Vincent Verouden 2nd SIMPATIC Annual Conference, The Hague, April 2014
  • EU: Ex-post evaluation of state aid

    Vincent VeroudenMeeting of OECD WP2 on Competition and Regulation, Paris, February 2014
  • 2013
  • State aid and regional airports

    Vincent VeroudenACE Conference, Brussels, December 2013
  • The role of economics in state aid cases

    Vincent Verouden UK State Aid Law Association, London., May 2013
  • 2012
  • State aid, energy and the environment

    Vincent VeroudenConcurrences seminar, Brussels, December 2012
  • Modernisation of EU state aid control: An economic perspective

    Vincent Verouden CRESSE Conference, Chania, Greece., July 2012
  • The economics of public support to the European car industry

    Vincent VeroudenSEEK Workshop, Brussels, May 2012
  • 2010
  • Economic analysis in EC competition policy

    Vincent VeroudenAnnual Meeting of the Antitrust Alliance, Brussels, November 2010
  • EC competition policy and innovation

    Vincent VeroudenInternational Workshop on Dynamics of Innovation, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, March 2010
  • 2009
  • Competition, state aid and services of general economic interest – the role of article 86 EC (in Dutch)

    Vincent VeroudenAnnual meeting of the Royal Netherlands Economic Association, The Hague, December 2009
  • The economics of EU competition policy

    Vincent VeroudenWorkshop Chinese Anti-Monopoly Authority, Lijiang, China., October 2009
  • State aid in times of crisis, the European perspective

    Vincent Verouden ACE Workshop 2009, Milan, Italy, October 2009
  • Sector inquiry into the pharmaceutical sector

    Vincent Verouden IBC Advanced EC Competition Law 2009, London, April 2009
  • 2008
  • Control of non-horizontal mergers in the EU

    Vincent VeroudenOECD RRC Workshop, Budapest. , March 2008
  • 2007
  • EU non-horizontal merger guidelines (in Dutch)

    Vincent VeroudenElsevier Jaarcongres Ontwikkelingen Mededingingsrecht, Scheveningen, The Netherlands, October 2007
  • Non-horizontal mergers

    Vincent VeroudenFordham Summer Refresher Course, Fordham Institute, New York, July 2007
  • Merger control: Coordinated effects

    Vincent VeroudenFordham Summer Refresher Course, Fordham Institute, New York , July 2007
  • 2004
  • Merger analysis and the role of efficiencies in the EU

    Vincent VeroudenFTC and U.S. DOJ Merger Enforcement Workshop, Washington DC, February 2004
  • Concentration indices and market shares in the EU horizontal merger guidelines

    Vincent Verouden FTC and U.S. DOJ Merger Enforcement Workshop, Washington DC, February 2004
  • 2003
  • Efficiencies and competitive effects: Developments in the EU context

    Vincent Verouden Efficiencies and Competitive Effects: Evaluating and Arguing Efficiencies in Merger Control, Brussels., November 2003
  • 2002
  • The role of economists and economic evidence in merger investigations in the EU. ICN

    Vincent VeroudenInvestigative Techniques for Merger Review, Washington DC, November 2002

Rafael Aigner, Senior Economist E.CA Economics

Rafael Aigner

Senior Economist

Rafael Aigner

Senior Economist

Dr Rafael Aigner is a Senior Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in April 2017. Rafael previously worked as a consultant for DIW Econ, where he advised public and corporate clients on a variety of economic matters. From 2012 to 2014, he served as a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.

Over the course of his career, Rafael has provided clients with advice ranging across the field of competition economics. His experience has included merger proceedings before European and national authorities, arbitrations, and abuse of dominance and State aid cases.

Rafael holds a Doctoral degree in Economics from the University of Bonn and is a graduate of the European Doctoral Programme in Quantitative Economics. His thesis was supervised by Martin Hellwig, a former head of the German Monopolies Commission. In his thesis, Rafael applied microeconomic theory to questions of public economics and political economy. Rafael additionally obtained a master’s degree from the University of Bonn and a bachelor’s from Göttingen University. During his doctoral studies, he served as a research exchange student at the London School of Economics.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. pol. Economics, University of Bonn
  • MSc in Economics, University of Bonn
  • BA in Economics, Göttingen University
  • Graduate of the European Doctoral Program in Quantitative Economics
  • Research exchange student at the London School of Economics

Publications

    2018
  • Schweizer Volksentscheid: Öffentlicher Rundfunk überholt?

    Rafael AignerHeidelberg : Springer - Wirtschaftsdienst. - ISSN 1613-978X. - Vol. 98.2018, 3, p. 156-157, March 2018
  • 2017
  • Chancen der Digitalisierung auf Märkten für urbane Mobilität: Das Beispiel Uber

    Rafael AignerJ. Haucap, F. Pavel, M. Arnold, M. Hottenrott & C. Kehder, In List Forum für Wirtschafts-und Finanzpolitik (Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 139-183). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, June 2017
  • The Fehmarn Belt Duopoly – Can the Ferry Compete with a Tunnel?

    Rafael AignerKatharina Weber, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 100, 1-15, May 2017

    The Fehmarn Belt is a strait between Denmark and Germany, currently served by a ferry operator. We analyse competition between the ferry service and a planned tunnel, the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link. We develop a differentiated duopoly model to address two questions: 1. Will the tunnel induce the ferry to exit the market once it operates? 2. Will the tunnel’s toll revenue suffice to cover its cost? Using real-world data and traffic forecasts, we show that it should not be taken for granted that the ferry will exit the market, and that if the ferry competes, the tunnel project will make a loss.

  • Digitale Infrastruktur: Glasfaser dringend erforderlich!

    Rafael AignerLars Handrich, Heidelberg : Springer - Wirtschaftsdienst. - ISSN 1613-978X. - Vol. 97.2017, 3, p. 157-158, March 2017
  • Es gibt weiterhin ökonomische Argumente für einen öffentlichen Rundfunk

    Rafael AignerAnselm Mattes Ferdinand Pavel, Wirtschaftsdienst : Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik. - Heidelberg : Springer, ISSN 1613-978X, ZDB-ID 2079503-8. - Vol. 97.2017, 1, p. 45-52, January 2017

    Recent economic literature criticises the size and mandate of public broadcasting in Germany. Technological progress has changed the methods of producing and distributing broadcasting content. Traditional broadcasting and print media have converged in a digital environment. Some of the classical arguments for publicly funded broadcasting have become invalid. This article argues that the converging media markets are nonetheless characterised by ongoing market failures, mostly because of positive external effects created by public value content. Markets will underprovide such content, which is why they should be publicly funded. We discuss the scope and form of public broadcasting and conclude that there are still economic reasons for dedicated public service broadcasters to exist.

    Link to abstract

  • 2015
  • Boring Banks and Taxes

    Rafael AignerFelix Bierbrauer, CES ifo working paper no. 5309, May 2015

    How do taxes in the financial sector affect economic outcomes? We analyse a simple general equilibrium model with financial intermediation. We formalise a trade-off between tax policies that burden the owners of banks and tax policies that burden households. We also study the implications of the financial sector’s exemption from value added taxation (VAT). Main results are that an increased taxation of the banks’ profits goes together with a larger financial sector, as measured by the volume of loans and the employment in banking. We also show that the general presumption that the VAT-exemption is beneficial for banks is unjustified.

  • 2014
  • Environmental Taxation and Redistribution Concerns

    Rafael AignerFinanzArchiv / Public Finance Analysis 70, pp. 249-277(29), June 2014

    How is the optimal level of Pigouvian taxation influenced by distributive concerns? With second-best instruments, a higher level of income redistribution calls for a lower level of Pigouvian taxation. More redistribution implies higher distortions from income taxation. Pigouvian tax revenues become more valuable and the optimal level of environmental taxation decreases. With first-best instruments, however, the relation between levels of redistribution and Pigouvian taxation is reversed. So second-best Pigouvian taxes are very different from their first-best counterpart – despite apparently identical first order conditions.

Özlem Bedre-Defolie, Associate Professor of Economics, ESMT

Özlem Bedre-Defolie

Associate Professor of Economics, ESMT

Özlem Bedre-Defolie

Associate Professor of Economics, ESMT

Özlem Bedre-Defolie is an Associate Professor (with tenure) of economics. Özlem joined ESMT Berlin in January 2010 as an assistant professor. She received her PhD in economics (with highest distinction) from the Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) in France and also holds an MSc in Economic Theory and Econometrics from TSE. Before moving to Toulouse, Özlem obtained a BA in Economics and a BSc in Mathematics from Boğaziçi University in Istanbul, Turkey.

Before joining ESMT she spent a year in Paris as a postdoctoral research fellow at Ecole Polytechnique, Business Chair. During the first two years of her appointment at ESMT she worked as a part-time visiting scholar in the research department of the Financial Stability Wing of Norges Bank (the central bank of Norway).

Özlem’s research interests are mainly theoretical and applied microeconomics, and industrial organization. In particular, her research focusses on contracts and pricing strategies of platforms, estimation of end user demands in the payment card industry, implications of long-term contracts, multiproduct firm pricing and implications of buyer power in vertical relationships. Her research has been published in leading economics, marketing and industrial organization journals, including American Economic Review, Journal of Economic Theory, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, Marketing Science, International Journal of Industrial Organization.

Özlem teaches two full-time MBA courses regularly: “Quantitative Methods” and “Competitive and Dynamic Pricing”. She also teaches industrial organization/management science II at the Berlin Doctoral Program in Economics and Management Science (BDPEMS).

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Toulouse School of Economics
  • European Diploma, Toulouse School of Economics
  • MSc in Economic Theory and Econometrics, Toulouse School of Economics
  • BA in Economics, Boğaziçi University, Turkey
  • BSc in Mathematics, Boğaziçi University, Turkey

Publications

    2015
  • Economics of Payment Cards

    Linda GratzÖzlem Bedre-DefolieKONKURRENSVERKETS WORKING PAPER SERIES IN LAW AND ECONOMICS, WORKING PAPER 2015:1, January 2015

    This article summarizes the literature on two-sided payment card markets. The general conclusion is that interchange fees can help internalize the complementarity between services on both sides of the market but private platforms set too high interchange fees from a social Welfare perspective. Private platforms’ price structure is distored in favor of buyers for several reasons: asymmetric choices between buyers and merchants, merchant internalization and/or platform competition. Furthermore, market power of platforms leads to higher total user prices similar to the case of one-sided markets. Platform competition can help to correct for such market Power distortions but may exacerbate the price structure distortions. It is shown that full eciency in the industry cannot be achieved through regulating the interchange fee. This is because the interchange fee a ects only the allocation of the total user price between buyers and sellers. The rst-best eciency also requires a lower total price level due to positive externalities between the two sides. A measure to test whether interchange fees are excessive has been proposed but this measure may be imperfect.

  • 2013
  • Pricing payment cards

    Özlem Bedre-DefolieEmilio Calvano, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 5(3): 206–231, August 2013

    Payment card networks, such as Visa, require merchants’ banks to pay substantial “interchange” fees to cardholders’ banks, on a per transaction basis. This paper shows that a network’s
    profi t-maximizing fee induces an ine fficient price structure, over-subsidizing card usage and over-taxing merchants.

    Go to external abstract

  • 2012
  • Vertical coordination through renegotiation

    Özlem Bedre-DefolieInternational Journal of Industrial Organization 30(6): 553–563, November 2012

    This paper analyzes the strategic use of bilateral supply contracts in sequential negotiations between one manufacturer and two differentiated retailers.

    Go to external abstract

Brecht Boone, Economist E.CA Economics

Brecht Boone

Economist

Brecht Boone

Economist

Brecht Boone is an Economist in the Brussels office. He joined E.CA Economics in August 2017. Previously, he was a doctoral fellow at Research Foundation Flanders, Ghent University. In his research, he specialised in the theoretical analysis of labour market policy effects and expectation formation among households.

Brecht holds a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Economics from Ghent University. During his master’s studies, he took several advanced courses in econometrics, macroeconomics and microeconomics.

Contact

Education

  • PhD fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders, Ghent University
  • BSc and MSc in economics from Ghent University

Eleonora Cavalera, Team Assistant E.CA Economics

Eleonora Cavalera

Team Assistant

Eleonora Cavalera

Team Assistant

Eleonora Cavalera joined E.CA Economics in May 2016 as a Team assistant for the Brussels office. She previously served as office manager for various international companies. Before joining E.CA, she has worked as office manager in the Brussels office of a major Brazilian petrochemical company for six years.

Eleonora obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Business administration at the Ecole Supérieure d’Affaires & de Secrétariat (E.S.A.S.) in Brussels 1986.

Contact

Romain Defoort, Economist E.CA Economics

Romain Defoort

Economist

Romain Defoort

Economist

Romain Defoort is an Economist in the Brussels office. He joined E.CA Economics in October 2016 after completing his master’s in economics at the Toulouse School of Economics. During his studies, Romain specialised in microeconomics and industrial organization.

Prior to this time, he completed a traineeship on the Chief Economist Team at the EU Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition and worked as a summer intern at the Bank of France.

Romain also obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Law and Economics from Sciences Po Strasbourg, and spent a year abroad at the University of Leipzig.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Toulouse School of Economics
  • BA Law & Economics, Sciences Po Strasbourg

Juri Demuth

Senior Economist

Juri Demuth

Senior Economist

Dr Juri Demuth is a Senior Economist in the Berlin office. Since joining E.CA Economics first in September 2013, Juri has worked on projects for clients in numerous industries, in all fields of competition policy, before the European Commission or national competition authorities, including Germany and Austria.

Juri has extensive experience advising clients in major merger proceedings (e.g. Telefónica/E-Plus, Lafarge/Holcim, RHI/Magnesita). He has conducted overcharge and damage assessments in private litigation cases following cartel investigations. Furthermore, he has worked on abuse of dominance projects. His experience covers a variety of industries including the telecommunications, refractory, cement, payment card, air cargo, forestry, waste management and fast-moving consumer goods (e.g. meat, flour) sectors.

Juri holds a Doctoral degree in Economics from Freie Universität Berlin and is a graduate of the Berlin Doctoral Program in Economics & Management Science. In his thesis, Juri applied microeconomic theory to questions in the fields of industrial organisation and regulation. Juri additionally obtained a diploma degree in Physics from Freie Universität Berlin.

Contact

Phone: +49 30 212 31-7084

demuth@e-ca.com

Education

  • Doctoral degree in Economics, Freie Universität Berlin
  • Diploma degree in Physics (Physics major, Economics minor), Freie Universität Berlin

Publications

Bas Dessens, Associate Principal E.CA Economics

Bas Dessens

Associate Principal

Bas Dessens

Associate Principal

Bas Dessens is an Associate Principal in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in 2006. He has extensive experience in the field of competition economics and has supported clients in cases related to State aid, mergers, cartels, abuse of dominance, regulation and market investigations. Bas has experience in a broad range of sectors, including the transportation, elevator, advertising, microelectronics, pharmaceutical, beverage distribution, retail, telecommunications, auditing services, film distribution, car park, forklift truck, gas-insulated switchgear and various other commodity industries.

For more than a year, Bas was seconded to the UK Competition Commission (the Competition and Markets Authority’s predecessor), where he worked on several merger proceedings and a market investigation. Prior to joining E.CA, Bas served as a business consultant at Atos Consulting in the Netherlands. While there, he worked on a number of projects that focussed on the consumer electronics, chemicals, and oil and gas industries. Bas holds master’s degrees from Tilburg University and the Humboldt University of Berlin in the areas of business and economics.

Contact

Education

  • MSc International Business, Tilburg University
  • MSc Economics and Management Science, Humboldt University of Berlin

Publications

    2016
  • Nieuwe economische standaarden in fusiecontrole: Wat komt er na HHI en SSNIP (New economic standards in merger control; in Dutch)

    Bas DessensVincent VeroudenTijdschrift Mededingingsrecht in de Praktijk, Sdu Uitgevers, The Hague, September 2016
  • Zugangsregulierung – Auswirkung auf Investitionen in das Festnetz in der Schweiz

    Bas DessensHans W. FriederiszickLars Wiethaus, Eine Studie für die Swisscom AG. 2009.

Presentations

Benedikt Flügel

Economist

Benedikt Flügel

Economist

Benedikt Flügel is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in October 2018 and holds a master’s degree in economics from Humboldt University, Berlin. His major fields of research were applied microeconomics and econometrics. Besides his studies, he worked as a tutor for three different chairs at Humboldt University; teaching mathematics, statistics and microeconomics. His educational path also includes an exchange semester at Uppsala University, Sweden.

Prior to joining E.CA, Benedikt worked as an analyst for a private health insurance. During his studies, he also interned in a consultancy for energy economics and a market research institute.

Contact

Phone : +49 30 21231 7066
fluegel@e-ca.com

Education

  • BSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • MSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin

Marcus Gerlach, Software Engineer E.CA Economics

Marcus Gerlach

Software Engineer

Marcus Gerlach

Software Engineer

Marcus Gerlach is a Software Engineer in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in May 2013. Previously, he worked as a software-engineering project manager and as a software consultant.

Since 2007, Marcus has gained extensive experience as a software engineer, project manager, consultant, database architect, system/database/network administrator and game developer.

He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Media from the Beuth University of Applied Sciences with a focus on software engineering. In his research, he works on the development of software for a variety of platforms including PCs, smartphones and web servers.

Contact

Education

  • BSc in Computer Science and Media, Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin

Elzbieta Głowicka, Associate Principal E.CA Economics

Elżbieta Głowicka

Associate Principal

Elżbieta Głowicka

Associate Principal

Dr Ela Głowicka is an Associate Principal in the Berlin office. She joined E.CA Economics in October 2013. She has 10 years’ experience in economic and econometric analysis applied across the entire range of competition policy enforcement. She supports clients in competition and private litigation cases before the European Commission, national competition authorities and in national courts. In 2017, W@Competition named her as one of their “30 in their 30s” Notable Women in Competition Economics.

Ela’s recent work has focussed on mergers, vertical restraints in selective distribution systems, ex-post evaluation of State aid, and national and international cartels. She has estimated cartel overcharges and damages in air cargo, food retail, automotive and cathode-ray tubes. She has additionally assessed merger effects in the automotive and cement markets.

Prior to joining E.CA, Ela spent six years on the Chief Economist Team at the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition, where she provided expert economic advice regarding major mergers in the music, pharmaceutical, retail fuel and agricultural industries. She contributed economic evidence to the DG’s pharmaceutical sector inquiry, as well as to several antitrust cases in the pharmaceutical and cement industries. Ela provided advice in State aid cases and developed the methodology for ex-post State aid evaluation.

Ela holds a Doctoral degree from Humboldt University, where she completed a thesis on competition policy applied to bailouts.

Contact

Education

  • PhD (Dr. der Wirtschaftswissenschaften) in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • MA in Applied Mathematics, Warsaw University
  • MA in Quantitative Economics, Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)

Publications

    2017
  • Price Comparison Websites and Selective Distribution Systems: An Effects-Based Approach

    Theon van DijkHans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaComplaw-blog, December 2017

    Hans W. Friederiszick, Theon van Dijk, and Elżbieta Głowicka published an article on the CompLaw blog, arguing for an effects-based approach when analyzing restrictions in the use and/or active support of price comparison websites by authorised dealers within a selective distribution system.

    Go to article

  • 2015
  • Competition policy in modern retail markets

    Hans W. FriederiszickElżbieta GłowickaJournal of Antitrust Enforcement, Oxford University Press, November 2015

    Hans W. Friederiszick and Ela Glowicka published an article on the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement. The article maps out the alignment of characteristics of products targeted by recent antitrust enforcement in Europe with the likelihood of free-rider effects taking place. Specifically in the case of products with search and experience characteristics, intensive enforcement activity despite prevalent free-riders were found.

    Go to article

     

  • 2009
  • Generic entry in prescription medicines in the EU: Main characteristics, determinants and effects

    Elżbieta GłowickaVincent VeroudenS. Lorincz, E. Pesaresi, Final Report on the pahramaceutical sector inquiry, European Commission staff working document, July 2009

Fabian Gräf, Economist E.CA Economics

Fabian Gräf

Economist

Fabian Gräf

Economist

Fabian Gräf is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in November 2016 after completing his master’s degree in economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. During the course of his studies, he specialised in international trade and worked as a student assistant in the international trade and trade policy department.

Fabian also obtained a Bachelor’s degree in International economics from the University of Tübingen, and spent a semester at the University of Maryland in the United States.

Contact

Education

  • BSc in International Economics, University of Tübingen

Linda Gratz, Principal E.CA Economics

Linda Gratz

Principal

Linda Gratz

Principal

Dr Linda Gratz is a Principal in the Berlin office. She joined E.CA Economics in 2012. Linda has extensive experience providing economic advice across the competition-law field before the EU Commission and various national competition authorities. In 2017 W@Competition named her as one of their “30 in their 30s” Notable Women in Competition Economics.

Linda has provided damage assessments in multiple high-profile cartel proceedings, including in the GIS, card payment, FMCG (including roasted coffee, confectionaries and flour), lottery and pumper industry. She is specialised in applying qualitative and quantitative economic analysis to cost pass-through. She has worked on abuse of dominance investigations involving predatory pricing, bundled rebates, excessive charges and refusal to supply (e.g. in the railway and insurance industry as well as in IP-related industries), and has contributed to the OECD Roundtable on the role of efficiency claims in abuse of dominance investigations. Linda also holds particular expertise in the assessment of mergers (e.g. in industries such as construction materials, FMCG, press logistics, telecommunications equipment and touristic flights). She has advised a German ministry on the organisational and methodological aspects of ex-post evaluations of State aid.

Linda has published in journals including the International Journal of Industrial Organization and the Journal of Competition Law & Economics. Prior to joining E.CA, she served as a trainee on the Chief Economist Team at the EU Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition.

Contact

Education

  • PhD Economics, University of Munich
  • MSc Economics (Diplom Volkswirtin), University of Munich

Publications

    2018
  • Environmental State aid – study for the German ministry on ex-post evaluation

    Linda GratzMichael RauberHans W. FriederiszickUmweltbundesamt, ISSN 1862-4804, Dessau-Roβlau, May 2018

    The EU Commission recently introduced new obligations for the ex-post evaluation of State aid schemes for member states. To prepare for upcoming submissions to the Commission the German Federal Ministry for the Environment and the associated Environmental Agency engaged E.CA Economics (Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick, Dr. Linda Gratz, Dr. Michael Rauber, Dr. Daniel Streitz) and the law firm Redeker Sellner Dahs (Dr. Simone Lünenbürger, Dr. Gero Ziegenhom, Dr. Andreas Rosenfeld, Dr. Ulrich Karpenstein) for an interdisciplinary research project on ex-post evaluations of environmental aid. To assess the probability with which the Commission would request an ex-post evaluation of an environmental State aid scheme, the team designed a novel warning system. Moreover, a roadmap helping to steer the organisation, scope and timing of an ex-post evaluation by the ministry was developed. The most important methodical issues when carrying out an ex-post evaluation were explained using examples of environmental aid schemes. The legal analysis included the data-protection framework and the requirements regarding the expert`s independency for upcoming ex-post evaluations.

    Link to Study

  • Margin squeeze: Recent developments in EU and national case law

    Theon van DijkLinda Gratze-Competitions Bulletin Margin squeeze, Art. N° 86350, April 2018
  • 2015
  • Hidden Efficiencies: The Relevance of Business Justifications in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzJournal of Competition Law & Economics, August 2015

    This article assesses the relevance of efficiencies and other justifications in recent Article 102 TFEU cases. Based on a review of all EU decisions and openings between 2009 and mid-2013, we find that procompetitive justifications still play an unsatisfactory role in the EU Commission’s evaluations, except in IT-related abuse cases. This stands in contrast to the policy goals expressed during the reform phase (from 2005 to 2009), the Guidance Paper, and the increasing relevance of efficiency considerations in merger proceedings. We argue that this development is due to a malfunctioning of the balancing test—that is, the weighting of pro- and anticompetitive effects, as pro- and anticompetitive effects are often non-separable and non-monotone in Article 102 TFEU cases. Policy options are discussed, and it is argued that a fully integrated analysis is the only policy option fully addressing the problem.

     

    Go to external abstract

     

  • Economics of Payment Cards

    Linda GratzÖzlem Bedre-DefolieKONKURRENSVERKETS WORKING PAPER SERIES IN LAW AND ECONOMICS, WORKING PAPER 2015:1, January 2015

    This article summarizes the literature on two-sided payment card markets. The general conclusion is that interchange fees can help internalize the complementarity between services on both sides of the market but private platforms set too high interchange fees from a social Welfare perspective. Private platforms’ price structure is distored in favor of buyers for several reasons: asymmetric choices between buyers and merchants, merchant internalization and/or platform competition. Furthermore, market power of platforms leads to higher total user prices similar to the case of one-sided markets. Platform competition can help to correct for such market Power distortions but may exacerbate the price structure distortions. It is shown that full eciency in the industry cannot be achieved through regulating the interchange fee. This is because the interchange fee a ects only the allocation of the total user price between buyers and sellers. The rst-best eciency also requires a lower total price level due to positive externalities between the two sides. A measure to test whether interchange fees are excessive has been proposed but this measure may be imperfect.

  • 2013
  • On the Competition Enhancing Effects of Exclusive Dealing Contracts

    Linda GratzMarkus Reisinger, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 31, Issue 5, Pages 429-437, September 2013
  • 2012
  • Price Discrimination and Fairness Concerns

    Linda GratzFlorian Englmaier, Markus Reisinger, SSRN Working Paper, February 2012

    We analyze the profitability of third degree price discrimination under consideration of consumers’ fairness concerns within an experiment and explain the results within a theoretical framework. We find that with an increase in the price differential negative reciprocal reactions by disadvantaged consumers become stronger compared to positive reciprocal reactions by advantaged consumers. Consequently, the profit maximizing price differential lies below the one predicted to be optimal by standard theory. Further, profitability increases when consumers who are regarded as poorer are charged lower prices compared to when the wealth of the different consumer groups is unknown.

    Got to external abstract

  • Economic Analysis of Pay-for-delay Settlements and Their Legal Ruling

    Linda GratzSSRN working paper, February 2012

    In this paper, we ask whether courts should continue to rule settlements in the context of pharmaceutical claims per se legal, when these settlements comprise payments from originator to generic companies, potentially delaying generic entry compared to the underlying litigations. We find that the rule of per se legality induces maximal collusion among settling companies and therefore yields the lowest consumer welfare compared to alternative rules. While under the rule of per se illegality settling companies are entirely prevented from colluding, under the rule of reason they collude to a limited degree when antitrust enforcement is subject to error. Contrary to intuition, limited collusion can be welfare enhancing as it increases settling parties’ profits, and thus fosters generic entry. Alternative incentive devices to foster generic entry, for instance, the provision of an exclusivity right to first generic entrants, as implemented within the Hatch-Waxman Act of 1984, are shown to be ineffective.

    Link to external abstract

  • Dominant and Efficient – On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzESMT Working Paper No. WP-12-01.

    The European Commission’s policy on the relevance of efficiency considerations in abuse of dominance cases (Article 102 TFEU) has not been resolved satisfactorily. In an attempt to give guidance on this matter, we address the topic from two different angles: First, we review EC soft law provisions and recent decisions. Based on this review, we find that efficiency defences play a limited role under the current practice. They are of relevance in the growing number of IT related cases but only in these. Second, we explore – in the example of low price strategies – business practitioners’ views on the relevance of the pro and anti-competitive motives. Based on a survey of EMBA students, we find that low price strategies are indeed frequently used. The motives are diverse however, often pro-competitive and in line with antitrust compliance, i.e. low price strategies are rarely considered advisable for leading firms. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn.

    Go to white paper

Presentations

    2017
  • Presentation on the methodology of ex post evaluations of state aid at the expert discussion: „EU-Beihilfenpolitik – Analyse der Auswirkung des neuen Beihilferechts unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Instruments der ex post Evaluierung

    Linda GratzMay 2017
  • 2016
  • Presentation on rebates at the “New Frontiers of Antitrust“ conference in Paris

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzConcurrences, Paris, June 2016

    Hans W. Friederiszick discussed together with Andreas Mundt, Trevor Soames and Nicolas Petit recent developments regarding enforcement practice on rebates in Europe. Hans presentation (jointly produced with Linda Gratz , E.CA Economics) specifically explored the merits of the As Efficient Competitor Test.

    Go to more information about the conference

    Go to presentation

     

  • 2014
  • Is economic analysis in 102 cases still relevant post Intel?

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzThe Antitrust Enforcement Symposium, Oxford, June 2014
  • On the Competition Enhancing Effects of Exclusive Dealing Contracts

    Linda GratzThe 2014 Hal White Antitrust Conference, Washington, June 2014
  • Patents: Can Antitrust Authorities Contribute to Fixing the Dysfunctional Patent System?

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzNew Frontiers of Antitrust Conference, Paris, February 2014
  • 2013
  • Dominant and Efficient – On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Abuse of Dominance Cases

    Hans W. FriederiszickLinda GratzHal White Antitrust Conference, June 2013

    The European Commission’s policy on the relevance of efficiency considerations in abuse of dominance cases (Article 102 TFEU) has not been resolved satisfactorily. In an attempt to give guidance on this matter, we address the topic from two different angles: First, we review EC soft law provisions and recent decisions. Based on this review, we find that efficiency defences play a limited role under the current practice. They are of relevance in the growing number of IT related cases but only in these. Second, we explore – in the example of low price strategies – business practitioners’ views on the relevance of the pro and anti-competitive motives. Based on a survey of EMBA students, we find that low price strategies are indeed frequently used. The motives are diverse however, often pro-competitive and in line with antitrust compliance, i.e. low price strategies are rarely considered advisable for leading firms. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn.

    Go to White paper

  • 2012
  • Dominant and Efficient: On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Article 102 TFEU Cases

    Linda GratzOECD Roundtable, Moscow, Russia, October 2012

Paul Heidhues

Affiliate Professor of Economics, ESMT Berlin

Paul Heidhues

Affiliate Professor of Economics, ESMT Berlin

Paul worked on numerous topics in Industrial Organization and Competition Policy such as input-market bargaining power, merger control, and collusion. Recently, most of his research focuses on the functioning of markets when consumers are partly driven by psychological factors – such as social preferences, loss aversion, time-inconsistency, or naivete – that the classical consumer model abstracts from. He has written on how firms optimally price products and design credit contracts in response to consumers’ psychological tendencies, and investigated the implications thereof for consumer-protection regulation. Furthermore, he studied when profitable consumer exploitation can arise in seemingly competitive markets, and the implications of profitable consumer deception for firms’ innovation incentives. He also reexamined the implications of consumer mistakes for price discrimination, privacy regulation, and the welfare implications of firms collecting more and more data on consumers. Much of his ongoing and planned future research similarly focuses on consumer-protection regulation and imperfect competition driven through or interacting with consumer mistakes. In addition, he studies how individuals with a mis-specified model of the world learn from the feedback they receive.

Paul is a member of the Academic Panel of the Competition and Markets Authority of the UK, a member of the Arbeitskreis Kartellrecht of the German Antitrust Authority (Bundeskartellamt), a Research Fellow of the CEPR Programme in Industrial Organization, a Research Fellow of the CESifo Network in Behavioral Economics, and an elected member of the Industrieökonomischer Ausschuss as well as the Theoretischer Ausschuss of the Verein für Socialpolitik. Currently, he serves as an elected member on the Executive Committee of the European Association for Research in Industrial Economics and as the Vize-Chairperson of the Industrieökonomischer Ausschuss of the Verein für Socialpolitik. His work appeared in leading academic journals such as the American Economic ReviewEconometricathe Quarterly Journal of Economics, and the Review of Economic Studies.

A detailed CV can be downloaded here

Contact

Phone   +49 30 21231–0
Fax        +49 30 21231–1281

Education

  • Habilitation (Humboldt University of Berlin)
  • PhD (Rice University)
  • MA (Rice University)

Zachary Herriges

Economist

Zachary Herriges

Economist

Zachary Herriges is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in September 2018 after completing his master’s degree in economics at the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg. During his studies, Zachary focussed on applied micro-econometric analysis in various topics, including public policy evaluation, political economy, and development economics. Prior to his master’s studies, he completed his bachelor’s degree at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, USA which included an exchange stay at the Goethe-University in Frankfurt.

Prior to joining E.CA, Zachary worked as a research assistant for several researchers at the University of Heidelberg on projects relating to public goods games, development economics, and public policy evaltuation.

Contact

Education

  • Msc in Economics, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg
  • BBA in Economics, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, USA
  • Courses in Economics, Business, German studies, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt am Main

Thomas Hildebrand, Principal E.CA Economics

Thomas Hildebrand

Principal

Thomas Hildebrand

Principal

Dr Thomas Hildebrand is a Principal in the Berlin office who joined E.CA Economics in October 2011. Thomas has extensive experience supporting clients across various competition-economics fields, with a particular focus on cartel cases (e.g. the air cargo and synthetic rubber cartel matters), merger proceedings (e.g. RHI/Magnesita, HeidelbergCement/Italcementi and Immonet/Immowelt) and abuse of dominance cases. Thomas’ industry experience spans a broad variety of fields including grocery retailing, fast-moving consumer goods, chemicals, cement, refractories, automotive parts, freight forwarding, print/television/online advertising and digital markets. Thomas has worked on cases before the European Commission, the German Bundeskartellamt and the Swiss Competition Commission (WEKO) as well as on private litigation matters. Thanks to his empirically informed background, Thomas has particular expertise in applying statistical and econometric methods to cartel cases and merger proceedings.

Prior to joining E.CA Economics, Thomas worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the “Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems” Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio 15 programme at the Humboldt University of Berlin and also as a guest researcher at the Deutsche Bundesbank.

Thomas holds a Doctoral degree in Economics from Humboldt University as well as a double Diploma degree in Economics from Humboldt University and the École Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Économique (ENSAE) Paris. In his research Thomas has focussed on two-sided markets and financial economics. His work has been published in leading international peer-reviewed journals such as Management Science, Economics Letters and Research Policy.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. pol. in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Diplom-Volkswirt in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Statisticien Economiste, ENSAE Paris

Publications

Presentations

    2012
  • Multi-Channel Demand in Two-Sided Markets: Evidence from the Magazines Industry

    Thomas HildebrandBates White 9th Annual Antitrust Conference, Washington, June 2012

    Thomas Hildebrand participated in the Bates White 9th Annual Antitrust Conference on 7th June 2012 in Washington.

  • Flight to Where? Evidence from Bank Investments During the Financial Crisis

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollAlexander Schulz , 7th FIRS Annual Conference, Minneapolis, June 2012

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and  Alexander Schulz presented at the 7th FIRS Annual Conference, Minneapolis, 1-4 June 2012

    Link to Programme

  • 2011
  • Multi-Channel Demand in Two-Sided Markets: Evidence from the Magazines Industry

    Thomas Hildebrand38th EARIE Annual Conference, Stockholm, September 2011

    Thomas Hildebrand spoke at the 38th EARIE Annual Conference, Stockholm on 1-3 September 2011. The conference was hosted by the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) & Stockholm School of Economics (SSE). It was chaired by Martin Peitz

     

  • Skin in the Game: Evidence from the Online Social Lending Market

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollManju Puri , European Finance Association (EFA), Stockholm, August 2011

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and Manju Puri presented at the 38th Annual Meeting of the European Finance Association, organised by Stockholm School of Economics (SSE), the Institute for Financial Research (SIFR) and Fisher College of Business, The Ohio State University, was held at Clarion Sign Hotel, Stockholm, Sweden on 17-20 August 2011.

    External link to program

  • Skin in the Game: Evidence from the Online Social Lending Market

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollManju Puri , American Economic Association (AEA), Denver, January 2011

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and Manju Puri presented at the AEA 2011 Annual Meeting, Denver, 7-9 January 2011

    External link to program

  • 2010
  • Skin in the Game: The Incentive Structure in Online Social Lending

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollManju Puri , Financial Management Association (FMA), New York, with Manju Puri and Jörg RochollOctober 2010, October 2010

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and Manju Puri presented at the Financial Management Association (FMA) in New York in October 2010

  • Skin in the Game in the Originate-to-Distribute Model: Evidence from the Online Social Lending Market

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollManju Puri , Deutsche Gesellschaft für Finanzwirtschaft (DGF), Hamburg, October 2010

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and Manju Puri presented at the 17th Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Finanzwirtschaft (DGF) in Hamburg on 8-9 October 2010

    External link to program

  • Skin in the Game: The Incentive Structure in Online Social Lending

    Thomas HildebrandJörg RochollManju Puri , 45th Annual Conference of the Western Finance Association (WFA), Victoria, June 2010

    Thomas Hildebrand, Jörg Rocholl and Manju Puri presented at the 45th Annual Conference on 20-23 June 2010.

    External link to program

  • Estimating Network Effects in Two-Sided Markets: A Semi-Structural Approach

    Thomas HildebrandPlatform Markets: Regulation and Competition Policy, Mannheim, May 2010

    Thomas Hildebrand presented at the conference “Platform Markets: Regulation and Competition Policy” from 31 May to 2 June 2010 in Mannheim

    External link to program

  • 2009
  • Estimating Network Effects in Two-Sided Markets: A Semi-Structural Approach

    Thomas Hildebrand36th EARIE Annual Conference - Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 2009

    Thomas Hildebrand presented at the 36th EARIE Annual Conference – Ljubljana, Slovenia on 3-5 September 2009

  • Investigating the Value of Privacy in Online Social Networks: Conjoint Analysis

    Thomas HildebrandHanna Krasnova, Oliver Günther , 30th International Conference on Information Systems 2009 (ICIS 2009), Phoenix, AZ, USA,

    Thomas Hildebrand, Hanna Krasnova and Oliver Günther presented at the 30th International Conference on Information Systems 2009 (ICIS 2009) held in Phoenix, Arizona, USA on 15-18 December 2009

Ariane Jaspert

Team Assistant

Ariane Jaspert

Team Assistant

Ariane Jaspert joined the Berlin office of E.CA Economics in April 2018 as a Team Assistant. She has a Diploma in Interpretation and Translation (French/Italian). Before joining E.CA, she worked as an interpreter and translator and also as a manager for an international event management company. There Ariane was responsible for delegate registration and hotel bookings for large medical conferences worldwide.

Contact

Phone: +49 30 21231 7008
jaspert@e-ca.com

Education

  • Diploma in Interpretation and Translation (French/Italian)

Astrid Jung, Senior Consultant E.CA Economics

Astrid Jung

Senior Consultant

Astrid Jung

Senior Consultant

Astrid Jung joined E.CA Economics in 2008. Prior to that, she worked for CRA International in Sydney and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC). Astrid has extensive case experience covering a wide range of industries, competition matters and clients in Europe, Australia and Asia. She has also testified before the Australian Competition Tribunal. Examples of recent work include cartels related to the automobile sector (e.g. acoustic and thermal insulation products), anti-competitive conduct in the shopping centre industry as well as mergers in the construction materials sector.

Astrid holds a PhD from Humboldt University, where she specialised in the field of empirical industrial organization. Her research includes, among others, interconnection in IP networks and the empirical modelling of competition in the early mobile telephony industry. Astrid has published in Telecommunications Policy and in the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Diplom Volkswirtin, University of Göttingen

Publications

    2012
  • Product Market Competition and Lobbying Coordination in the U.S. Mobile Telecommunications Industry

    Astrid JungTomaso Duso, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 177-201, June 2012
  • 2009
  • Bill-and-keep and the economics of interconnection in next-generation networks

    Astrid JungMoya Dodd, Bridger Mitchell, Paul Paterson, Paul Reynolds, Telecommunications Policy, 2009, Volume 33, Issues 5-6, June–July 2009, pp 324–337, June 2009
  • 2007
  • Market conduct and endogenous lobbying: evidence from the US mobile telecommunications industry

    Astrid JungJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade, March 2007, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 9-29, March 2007

Jakub Kałuzny, Associate Principal E.CA Economics

Jakub Kałuzny

Associate Principal

Jakub Kałuzny

Associate Principal

Jakub Kałużny is an Associate Principal in the E.CA Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in February 2009. He has extensive experience applying both empirical and theoretical economic analysis to antitrust litigation and regulatory matters. His areas of expertise include the evaluation of the competitive effects of mergers, monopolisation and vertical restraints both in the United States and in Europe. His analyses have covered a broad range of industries including consumer goods, health care, agriculture, chemicals and information technology.

Jakub holds a Doctorate from Northwestern University, where he specialised in industrial organization and economic theory.

Prior to joining E.CA, he worked as a senior consultant in the antitrust and environmental and product-liability practices of Bates White, an economic consulting firm based in Washington, D.C.

Previously, he served as a lecturer in the statistics department at Northwestern University.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Northwestern University
  • MA in Economics, Northwestern University

Publications

    2014
  • Cross-country price comparisons for competitive assessment

    Hans W. FriederiszickJakub KałuznyE.CA report, October 2014
  • The Economics of Sovereign Debt

    Jakub KałuznyDr Lyndon Moore, The University of Melbourne, Australia, EE Publishing, 3 volume set, ISBN: 978 1 78536 057 2, 2016

    “Bob Kolb has assembled this outstanding collection of research articles, which could have been called the Greatest Hits of Sovereign Debt. The future of all people on the planet depends heavily on understanding what really happens when governments borrow. Bringing the body of knowledge of this subject under this umbrella is a masterful and thankless achievement. – Don M. Chance, Louisiana State University, US”

    “This expansive collection contains more than one hundred of the very best and most influential scholarly articles on the sovereign debt of central governments around the world. It features discussions of the debt of many emerging nations as well as the largest sovereign debtors in the world. Collectively, these articles provide a thorough understanding of sovereign debt as seen by the best economists from around the world. The extensive and in-depth introductory chapter also discusses each of the articles individually. This collection is an essential tool to libraries, academic institutions, economic scholars and students alike.”

    The selection contains a paper by Lyndon Moore and Jakub Kaluzny : “Regime Change and Debt Default: The Case of Russia, Austro-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire following World War One”.

    Go to publication

  • On the Difficult Relationship between Competition Policy and Public Enterprises – What can be learned from Recent Developments in the Field of European State Aid Control

    Hans W. FriederiszickJakub KałuznyIn: The Pros and Cons of Competition in/by the Public Sector, edited by the Swedish Competition Authority.
  • Defining product markets for shopping centers – Thoughts on methodological choices

    Jakub KałuznyRainer NitscheLars-Hendrik Röller, ESMT No. WP-11-02.
  • Defining Product Markets for Retail Rental Space: Thoughts on Methodological Choices

    Jakub KałuznyRainer NitscheLars-Hendrik Röller, European Competition Journal 7 (3): 421-431.

Presentations

Nora Klempke, Team Assistant E.CA Economics

Nora Klempke

Team Assistant

Nora Klempke

Team Assistant

Nora Klempke joined the Berlin office of E.CA Economics in April 2017 as a Team assistant. Before joining E.CA, Nora worked for several years as a sales assistant for a German-Russian trading company and then served as a dispatcher at international transport company M&M Militzer & Münch, where she was primarily responsible for managing shipments to Mongolia.

Nora holds a Master’s degree in Slavic studies, French and intercultural business communication from Friedrich Schiller University in Jena.

Contact

Education

  • MA in Slavic studies, French and Intercultural Business communication, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena

Paula Mäkelä

Economist

Paula Mäkelä

Economist

Paula Mäkelä is an Economist in the Berlin office. She joined E.CA Economics in September 2018. Prior to joining E.CA, Paula was employed as a Senior Researcher at the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority, where she worked on both mergers and antitrust cases. In 2017, she also spent five months as an academic visitor at the Chief Economist Team of the Directorate General for Competition in Brussels.

Paula has a doctorate in economics from the Aalto University in Helsinki, Finland. During her Ph.D. studies, she also spent a year at the Department of Economics of Massachusetts Insitute of Technology as a Fullbright graduate grantee.

Contact

Phone: +49 30 21231 7082
makela@e-ca.com

Education

  • Ph.D. Economics, Aalto University, Helsinki
  • MSc Economics, Univeristy of Turku, Finland

Jan Melcher

Economist

Jan Melcher

Economist

Jan Melcher is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in May 2018 and holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Oxford, as wells as two bachelor‘s degrees in economics and in sociology from the University of Heidelberg.

Prior to joining E.CA, Jan worked as a strategy consultant, interned in one of the leading European banks and held various positions as a research assistant, including the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in Mannheim and the Max-Planck-Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne.

Contact

Education

  • BSc in Economics, University of Heidelberg
  • BA in Sociology, University of Heidelberg
  • MPhil in Economics, University of Oxford

Simon Miegielsen, Senior Economist E.CA Economics

Simon Miegielsen

Senior Economist

Simon Miegielsen

Senior Economist

Dr Simon Miegielsen is a Senior Economist in the Brussels office. Since joining E.CA Economics in 2014, Simon has worked on cases spanning the competition-economics field, including matters related to cartels, mergers and antitrust law. His work has focussed on numerous industries, including the airfreight, retailing, payment instrument, telecommunications, book publishing, semiconductor and automotive sectors.

Prior to joining E.CA, Simon completed a doctorate in industrial economics at the University of Leuven. His dissertation was entitled “Essays on Information and Competition”, and considered the impact of social networks on competition as well as the rationale for so-called hub-and-spoke collusive agreements.

While obtaining his doctoral degree, he served as a teaching assistant for several graduate-level courses, including in the subjects of game theory and information economics and the economics of competition policy.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, University of Leuven, Belgium
  • MSc in Economics, University of Leuven, Belgium
  • BSc in Economics, University of Leuven, Belgium

Thomas Nau, Economist E.CA Economics

Thomas Nau

Economist

Thomas Nau

Economist

Thomas Nau is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in February 2017 and holds a master’s degree in economics from the University of Copenhagen. During his studies, Thomas focussed on applied micro-econometric analysis, which he applied to various topics including industrial organization, labour and development economics. His educational path also includes a BSc in Economics from Humboldt University of Berlin and an exchange stay at the University of Toronto.

Prior to joining E.CA Economics, Thomas worked as a consultant at the International Trade Centre (ITC) on projects relating to trade inefficiencies in developing economies.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, University of Copenhagen
  • BSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin

Valeria Plata Franco, Economist E.CA Economics

Valeria Plata Franco

Economist

Valeria Plata Franco

Economist

Valeria Plata Franco is an Economist in the Brussels office and joined E.CA Economics in February 2018. She has a Bachelor’s and a Master’s degree from the Toulouse School of Economics. During her studies, she specialised in industrial organization with a focus on competition and business strategy. For her master’s thesis, she analysed the impact of the organisational structure of the market on consumer moral behaviour.

Prior to joining E.CA, Valeria interned in the strategic planning department of a pharmaceutical multinational in Latin America and worked as a research assistant for two researchers of the IAST in Toulouse.

Contact

Education

  • BSc and MSc in Economics, Toulouse School of Economics

Sathya Ram

Team Assistant

Sathya Ram

Team Assistant

Sathya Ram joined E.CA Economics in September 2018 as a Team Assistant in the Berlin office. She has recently graduated from the University of Manchester, where she obtained a Bachelors degree in German Studies and undertook modules in Linguistics, Translating and Cultural Studies.

Prior to starting at E.CA Economics, Sathya worked as a Marketing Assistant for an online clothing company and also spent a year abroad in Berlin, where she worked as an English Language Assistant.

Michael Rauber, Manager E.CA Economics

Michael Rauber

Manager

Michael Rauber

Manager

Dr Michael Rauber is a Manager in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in December 2014. Since that time, he has worked on numerous competition-economics cases related to cartels, mergers and antitrust law. In particular, he has provided extensive advice to clients on cartel-related matters and follow-on litigation in a wide range of industries including the sugar, trucking, payment instrument and window-fitting sectors.

Before joining the E.CA team, Michael served for three years on the chief economist’s team at the United Kingdom’s Office of Fair Trading (OFT) and the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) and was assistant director of the CMA’s research and evaluation unit. Prior to these activities, he worked as a PricewaterhouseCoopers consultant in London and Berlin, advising clients on a wide range of economic issues, with a particular focus on econometric analysis. Michael holds a Doctoral degree from the University of Konstanz with a focus on empirical economics.

Contact

Education

  • Dr. rer. pol., University of Konstanz
  • Diplom-Volkswirt, University of Konstanz

Publications

    2018
  • Environmental State aid – study for the German ministry on ex-post evaluation

    Linda GratzMichael RauberHans W. FriederiszickUmweltbundesamt, ISSN 1862-4804, Dessau-Roβlau, May 2018

    The EU Commission recently introduced new obligations for the ex-post evaluation of State aid schemes for member states. To prepare for upcoming submissions to the Commission the German Federal Ministry for the Environment and the associated Environmental Agency engaged E.CA Economics (Dr. Hans W. Friederiszick, Dr. Linda Gratz, Dr. Michael Rauber, Dr. Daniel Streitz) and the law firm Redeker Sellner Dahs (Dr. Simone Lünenbürger, Dr. Gero Ziegenhom, Dr. Andreas Rosenfeld, Dr. Ulrich Karpenstein) for an interdisciplinary research project on ex-post evaluations of environmental aid. To assess the probability with which the Commission would request an ex-post evaluation of an environmental State aid scheme, the team designed a novel warning system. Moreover, a roadmap helping to steer the organisation, scope and timing of an ex-post evaluation by the ministry was developed. The most important methodical issues when carrying out an ex-post evaluation were explained using examples of environmental aid schemes. The legal analysis included the data-protection framework and the requirements regarding the expert`s independency for upcoming ex-post evaluations.

    Link to Study

  • 2015
  • A Fleet Without a Captain? Taking Stock of European Antitrust Litigation Post EU Directive

    Hans W. FriederiszickMichael RauberCPI Antitrust Chronicle, January 2015

Presentations

Steffen Reinhold, Associate Principal E.CA Economics

Steffen Reinhold

Associate Principal

Steffen Reinhold

Associate Principal

Dr Steffen Reinhold is an Associate Principal in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in March 2014. He has over 10 years of academic and consulting experience working on empirical economics and econometrics issues. His experience in competition cases includes work in the fast-moving consumer goods, natural gas, pharmaceutical, cement, synthetic rubber and waste management industries. He has provided support for clients in cartel cases (e.g. synthetic rubber), merger proceedings (e.g. Lafarge/Holcim) and abuse of dominance cases. He has particularly extensive experience estimating overcharges and assessing pass-on defences in the context of private litigation damages. He has provided support for clients arguing cases before the European Commission, the German Bundeskartellamt and the Swiss Competition Commission (WEKO), as well as in private arbitration.

Prior to joining E.CA, Steffen served as an assistant professor at the University of Mannheim and as a post-doctoral researcher at the Mannheim Institute for the Economics of Ageing (MEA). His research has been published in top journals including the Journal of Human Resources, the Journal of Health Economics, and Health Economics. Steffen holds a Doctorate from Johns Hopkins University, where he specialised in applied microeconometrics and empirical economics. His dissertation research focussed on marital stability. He also holds a diploma degree from Freie Universität Berlin.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Economics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
  • Diplom-Volkswirt, Freie Universität Berlin

Publications

    2018
  • Reverse privatization as a reaction to the competitive environment: Evidence from solid waste collection in Germany

    Juri DemuthHans W. FriederiszickSteffen ReinholdESMT Working Paper 18-02, SSRN, RePEc, EconStor, April 2018

    Juri Demuth, Hans W. Friederiszick and Steffen Reinhold have published a working paper exploring the motives for reverse privatisation of the provision of solid waste collection services by German municipalities. Using a unique panel data set the authors show that municipalities do not only react to cost advantages of private companies but also to the competitive environment.

    Go to working paper

  • 2016
  • Remunicipalization and Competition in the Waste management Industry

    Juri DemuthHans W. FriederiszickSteffen ReinholdNeue Zeitschrift für Kartellrecht, pages 246-253, June 2016
  • 2015
  • Compulsory schooling reforms, education and mortality in twentieth century Europe

    Steffen ReinholdC. Gathmann, H. Jürges, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 127, pages 74-82, February 2015
  • 2014
  • Direct and indirect effects of unilateral divorce laws on marital stability

    Steffen ReinholdT. Kneip, G. Bauer, Demography, Volume 51, Issue 6, pages 2103-2126, December 2014
  • The effect of children on depression in old age

    Steffen ReinholdK. Kruk, Social Science & Medicine, Volume 100, pages 1-11, January 2014
  • 2013
  • Migration experience and earnings in the Mexican labor market

    Steffen ReinholdK. Thom, Journal of Human Resources, Volume 48, no. 3, pages 768-820, July 2013
  • The long-run consequences of unilateral divorce laws on children – evidence from SHARELIFE

    Steffen ReinholdT. Kneip, G. Bauer, Journal of Population Economics, Volume 26, Issue 3, pages 1035-1056, July 2013
  • The effect of compulsory schooling on health – evidence from biomarkers

    Steffen ReinholdH. Jürges, K. E. Kruk, Journal of Population Economics, Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 645-672, April 2013
  • Mental health of aging immigrants and native-born men across 11 European countries

    Steffen ReinholdK. Ladin, Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Volume 68, Issue 2, pages 298-309, March 2013
  • 2012
  • Parental income and child health in Germany

    Steffen ReinholdH. Jürges, Health Economic, Volume 21, Issue 5, pages 562-579, May 2012
  • Does community-based health insurance protect household assets? Evidence from rural Africa

    Steffen ReinholdD. Parmar, A. Souares, G. Savadogo, R. Sauerborn, Health Services Research, Volume 47, Issue 2, pages 819-839, April 2012
  • 2011
  • Does schooling affect health behavior? Evidence from the educational expansion in Western Germany

    Steffen ReinholdH. Jürges, M. Salm, Economics of Education Review, Volume 30, Issue 5, pages 862-872, October 2011
  • Changes in compulsory schooling and the causal effect of education on health: Evidence from Germany

    Steffen ReinholdH. Jürges, D. Kemptner, Journal of Health Economics, Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 340-354, March 2011
  • 2010
  • Reassessing the link between premarital cohabitation and marital instability

    Steffen ReinholdDemography, Volume 47, Issue 3, pages 719-733, August 2010
  • Secondary school fees and the causal effect of schooling on health behavior

    Steffen ReinholdH. Jürges, Economics, Volume 19, Issue 18, August 2010, pages 994-1001, August 2010

Jörg Rocholl, President, Professor of Finance, and EY Chair in Governance and Compliance, ESMT

Jörg Rocholl

President, Professor of Finance, and EY Chair in Governance and Compliance, ESMT

Jörg Rocholl

President, Professor of Finance, and EY Chair in Governance and Compliance, ESMT

Jörg Rocholl has been the President of ESMT since July 2011. He joined ESMT in July 2007 as an associate professor. In July 2010 he was promoted to professor and awarded the first EY Chair in Governance and Compliance. In September 2010 he was named as the associate dean of faculty and in April 2011, dean of faculty. Jörg holds both his PhD in Finance and Economics and his MPhil from Columbia Business School and received his “Diplom-Ökonom mit Auszeichnung” (Economics degree with distinction) from the Universität Witten/Herdecke in Germany.

Jörg’s research interests are in the areas of corporate finance, corporate governance, and financial intermediation. His research has been accepted for publication in leading academic journals such as the Journal of Finance, Journal of Financial Economics, and the Review of Financial Studies.

Jörg is a member of the economic advisory board of the German Federal Ministry of Finance. He is also a research professor at the Ifo Institute in Munich and a Duisenberg Fellow of the European Central Bank (ECB). He has worked with the Boston Consulting Group in Frankfurt and London and Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt and New York. Furthermore, he was a visiting researcher at the Bundesbank’s Economic Research Centre in Frankfurt. Jörg received the Distinguished CESifo Affiliate Award and was awarded the Lamfalussy Fellowship from the European Central Bank. He has received several research grants from Columbia Business School, Kenan-Flagler Business School, and the FDIC; the Weatherspoon Teaching Award at Kenan-Flagler Business School; and a grant from the Westphal Foundation to conduct research in Kuala Lumpur and Hong Kong.

Jörg’s research has been portrayed in leading international media such as The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Boston Globe, Financial Times, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Handelsblatt, and Börsen-Zeitung. He appears regularly as an expert on ARD, ZDF, and Deutsche Welle TV.

A detailed CV can be downloaded here.

Contact

Education

  • PhD in Finance and Economics, Columbia Business School
  • MPhil in Finance and Economics, Columbia Business School
  • Dipl.-Ök. in Economics, Universität Witten/Herdecke

Publications

Presentations

Jonas Rosenstock, Associate Senior Economist E.CA Economics

Jonas Rosenstock

Associate Senior Economist

Jonas Rosenstock

Associate Senior Economist

Jonas Rosenstok is an Associate Senior Economist to E.CA working out of The Hague, the Netherlands. Since 2007, Jonas has supported clients in cases related to cartel damages, abuse of dominance and mergers in a large number of sectors including health care, pharmaceutical, electronic communications, postal, electronics, consumer lifestyle, entertainment, agriculture and automotive.

From September 2013 to May 2016 Jonas worked on the board of directors of Haydom Lutheran Hospital in Tanzania. Before 2007 Jonas worked for the Dutch telecommunications and post regulator, the Dutch competition authority and the competition directorate of the Dutch ministry of economic affairs.

Jonas studied economics at Maastricht University, with a Minor in European Studies. He won the ENCORE Master Thesis Prize for his work on the efficacy of the Dutch leniency programme.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Maastricht University

Alia Schweiger, Manager E.CA Economics

Alia Schweiger

Manager

Alia Schweiger

Manager

Alia Schweiger is a Manager in the Berlin office. Since joining E.CA Economics in August 2014, Alia has provided economic advice to clients from numerous industries in all fields of competition policy matters before the European Commission or national competition authorities, including Germany and Austria.

In particular, Alia has ample experience advising clients in major merger proceedings (e.g. RHI/Magnesita, Immonet/Immowelt, EDEKA/Kaiser’s Tengelmann). She has conducted overcharge and damage assessments in private litigation cases following cartel investigations. Furthermore, she has worked on abuse of dominance projects and has assisted clients in State aid matters and sector inquiries. Her experience covers digital platform markets as well as a variety of industries including the air cargo, refractory, advertising, electric-vehicle battery (automotive), payment card, grocery retail and fast-moving consumer goods (e.g. beer, sugar) sectors.

Prior to joining E.CA Alia obtained a Master’s degree from the Humboldt University of Berlin, and worked as a student assistant at Humboldt University’s Institute for Competition Policy. She gained further consultancy experience during internships at McKinsey & Company and Bain & Company.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • BSc in Economics, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich

Juri Simons, Economist E.CA Economics

Juri Simons

Economist

Juri Simons

Economist

Juri Simons is an Economist in the Berlin office. Juri joined E.CA Economics in August 2017. Prior to that, he worked as a consultant for Civity, where he helped companies develop strategies in the regulated transport and waste disposal markets.

At E.CA Juri has provided damage estimation advice in numerous areas, including the candy and trucking industries.

Juri holds a Master’s degree in the Economics of markets and organisations from the Toulouse School of Economics, where he specialised in industrial organization. He obtained a bachelor’s in economics from the Humboldt University of Berlin, with an exchange semester at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. During his studies, he interned at the German Bundeskartellamt, the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) and the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, which received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Toulouse School of Economics
  • BSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin

Birgit Stoberock, Office Manager E.CA Economics

Birgit Stoberock

Office Manager

Birgit Stoberock

Office Manager

Birgit Stoberock joined the Berlin office of E.CA Economics in October 2007. In her position as Office Manager she bears responsibility for E.CA’s organisational and administrative matters.

Birgit obtained a Magister degree in Roman languages and European ethnology as well as a Diploma in cultural administration. Before joining E.CA, she spent several years working for the National Centre for Languages (CILT), a non-profit organisation in London that promotes the advantages of learning and using foreign languages.

Contact

Harm van Leeuwen, Economist E.CA Economics

Harm van Leeuwen

Economist

Harm van Leeuwen

Economist

Harm van Leeuwen is an Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in September 2016. Harm completed his master’s in economics at the Humboldt University of Berlin in 2015, specialising in microeconomics and behavioural economics. He studied a broad range of social sciences for his undergraduate degree at University College Maastricht. His education additionally included exchange terms at the Toulouse School of Economics and the University of Sydney.

Before starting at E.CA, Harm worked at an analytics and market research firm and interned at a German government agency for overseas development.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin

Christoph von Muellern, Senior Economist E.CA Economics

Christoph von Muellern

Senior Economist

Christoph von Muellern

Senior Economist

Christoph von Muellern is a Senior Economist in the Brussels office. Since joining E.CA Economics in March 2014, he has advised numerous clients and the Austrian Cartel Court on various cartel, merger, abuse of dominance and State aid cases involving the European Commission and the German and Austrian competition authorities. His cases have covered a broad range of industries, including the automotive supply, sugar, beer, cement, local transport and container handling sectors. Christoph has particularly extensive experience in conducting price-overcharge analyses and damage assessments, and in providing private litigation clients with economic advice.

Christoph holds a Master’s degree in Economics from the Humboldt University of Berlin. During his studies there, he specialised in microeconomics and environmental economics and worked at the Institute of Microeconomic Theory.

Contact

Education

  • MSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin
  • BSc in Economics, Humboldt University of Berlin

Stefan Witte, Senior Economist E.CA Economics

Stefan Witte

Senior Economist

Stefan Witte

Senior Economist

Dr Stefan Witte is a Senior Economist in the Berlin office. He joined E.CA Economics in October 2016. He previously worked as an economic consultant for the IPE, where he provided economic expertise for litigation cases, regulatory affairs and general economic impact assessments. During this time, he worked for clients in the automotive, insurance and consumer goods industry.

Stefan holds a Doctoral degree in the field of empirical economics from Saarland University. He studied economics, philosophy and political science in Bayreuth, Paris and Freiburg.

Contact

Education

  • Doctoral degree in Economics, Saarland University
  • MA in Economics & Politics, University of Freiburg
  • Public Policy (non-degree programme), Sciences Po Paris
  • BA in Philosophy & Economics, University of Bayreuth

Publications

    2016
  • Arbeitsplatzeffekte einer umfassenden Förderung der Elektromobilität in Deutschland.

    Stefan WitteReport für die Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität, June 2016
  • The incidence of cash for clunkers: Evidence from the 2009 car scrappage scheme in Germany

    Stefan WitteInternational Tax and Public Finance, 23, 1093–1125, March 2016
  • 2013
  • Economies of scale in public statutory accident insurance funds in Germany

    Stefan WitteJournal for Public and Nonprofit Service, 4, 271–284, October 2013
  • 2009
  • Transport, welfare and externalities: Replacing the polluter pays principle with the cheapest cost avoider principle.

    Stefan WitteCheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, June 2009

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